What are the similarities and differences of attribution styles in individualistic and collectivistic cultures? Give an example of a group situation in which a project failed or a goal was not reached. Explain how someone from each culture might explain the failure and why.
1) Answer to differences between individualistic vs. collectivistic attribution styles:
What is socialization? What methods do organizations use to socialize their employees?
Socialization is basically a process whereby new employees are acculturated into a new employment organization. According to Jex and Britt (2008), socialization is "the extent to which a new employee is able to do his or her job, get along with members of the work group, and develop some understanding of the culture of the organization" (p. 92).
There are many methods as to how organizations socialize new employees, but the methods mainly depend on the new employees role in the organization, and the goals of the organizations socializing processes. Meanwhile, Van Maanen and Schein's theory of organizational socialization consists of six dimensions, and will be used to describe how employees are socialized.
The first dimension is a collective versus an individual approach. In a collective approach, new recruits are trained as a group rather than individually. Police academies typically use the collective approach, and this approach produces better camaraderie among new hires as well as a sense of embeddedness to the corporation. The individual approach is more common in skilled apprenticeship programs (e.g. Journey Plasterer), and it allows the company more control over what the newcomer learns, and it leads to more role clarity and innovativeness in the newcomer's role compared to the collective approach.
Jex, S. M. & Britt, T. W. (2008). Organizational psychology: A scientist-practitioner approach (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Which organizational cultures are more tolerant of personality variation? Explain.
I see the biggest difference in organizational cultures between the Eastern and Western point of view. I see the west as being more tolerant of personality variation or more "free-spirited" in their thinking and behavior. The west is an example ...
Attribution styles in individualistic and collectivistic cultural is examined.