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    Brief overview of substance use treatment for alcohol and drugs' addictions

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    Behavioral counseling for substance use is explained. Relapse prevention and abstinence treatment goals are described in the light of behavioral change model. Negative health effects of consuming alcohol and drugs are as well as therapy interventions and supports are described, as well.

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    Unfortunately, alcohol and drugs are easily accessible for all age groups in our country. The negative effects on the health as well as personal and public lives of people both young and older, amount of lost productive work hours, substance use related crimes in homes and communities, and disruptions in healthy individual and family lives, are not ignorable consequences of substance use. Yet, it is a fortunate fact that professional help through behavioral counseling and medical detox, and abstinence maintenance treatments are available, now a days.

    Types of substance use
    1. Depressants - alcohol
    2. Stimulants - marijuana, weed, hash
    3. Hallucinogens - Ecstasy, Speed etc.
    4. Opioids - pain medicines illicitly used. Their generic and formulary names are listed below.

    Fentanyl Duragesic
    Hydrocodone Norco, Vicodin
    Hydromorphone Dilaudid, Exalgo
    Morphine Astramorph, Avinza
    Oxycodone OxyContin, Percocet

    Not only is easy access to substances a big part of the substance use problem in the nation, but it is also that the medical professionals who can prescribe and dispense opioids, must be a lot more vigilant in noticing someone using pain relieving medications for non-medical dependent use.

    Treatment for substance use
    Treatment of substance using individuals will include both medical and behavioral counseling components. Typically, average out-patient treatment through behavioral counseling programs can last up to a year or when the previously using individual is confidently able to abstain from using alcohol or drugs and can function normally without any legal troubles caused by being under the influence of alcohol or possession and use of drugs. The goal is for individuals to be responsible towards their own health, their families and communities, have stable home and family life, and do well in school and at work as well as other social situations. A using person can have relapses because of severe withdrawal symptoms or life events that are traumatic. Planning for alternative ways of managing triggers is highly essential for individuals who have been using until recently (past 3-6 months).

    Theoretical frameworks and Intervention Techniques
    Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and Motivational enhancement therapy (MET) as well as Motivational Interviewing (MI) are the most effective theoretical frameworks in behavioral counseling. ...

    Solution Summary

    This Solution gives an overview on behavioral counseling for substance use as well as relapse prevention and abstinence treatment goals. The behavioral change model is used in the discussion.