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Three approaches to therapy

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O'Hanlon's writes from a solution orientation, Doan discusses the use of a Narrative metaphor, and Hertlein, et al. offered a more traditional rendering of assessment. Describe what you see as the strengths and weaknesses of each approach. Specifically, answer questions like:

How might potential clients respond to this approach?
What aspects of these approaches do you think would positively resonate with clients?
What aspects of these approaches might tend to marginalize or discount client perspectives?
What single idea regarding assessment stood out for you as the most significant after completing the readings?

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Comparing Approaches

(1) How might potential clients respond to this approach?

(a) Narrative Therapy (White & Epston, 1990) is based on the view that individuals construct the meaning of life in interpretative stores. Which then are treated as reality. In therapy, patients/clients tell stories they perceive about themselves, and the therapy is designed to help the clients make sense of their disordered inner and external lives (Corey, 2005).

For instance, the narrative therapist recognizes that apart from the problem that the person is experiencing, he or she has a story to tell of a life that is more desirable. The goal of the therapy is to separate the person from the problem. Reality is socially constructed--the role of stories shape reality—they construct and constitute what individuals, see, feel and do. -Reality is maintained through stories—truth is constructed through stories and narratives (p. 489-499). Doan (1998) suggested that it is possible that two central narratives are common to all people: Fear and Love. He maintains that it is inherent in the human condition that we can choose life stories that are saturated by one of these two themes. The story are a collaboration on one of many versions, and it is a way that consultant and client can experience the stories together Doan s cited in Murdock, 2009).

(b) Solution-focused Therapy

Solution-focused Therapy (SFT, deShazer & Berg, 1977) offers the advantages of being a brief, strength-based therapy. The therapy was designed to help clients arrive at solutions to their problems in a few sessions. The researcher's role is to be a consultant. Conoley, Graham, Neu, Craig, Oprey, Cardin et al (2013) hypothesized that SFT therapy is reported to be effective in reducing aggressive, noncompliant behaviors. The success is measured by the progress that clients make toward reaching their goals as opposed to the amount of times they spend in counseling.
In his work involving Family therapy, O'Hanlon utilizes Solution-Focused therapy to aid struggling families to communicate with ...

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This solution compares three approaches to therapy

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One way ANOVA - Test depression scores for 4 groups

Problem 1: A researcher wants to see if 4 different therapy approaches lead to different scores on a depression inventory. She conducts a study whereby individuals seeking therapy for depression are randomly assigned to 1 of the 4 therapy approaches. At the end of six months of therapy, each subject completes a depression inventory. She finds the mean depression score for the individuals in each of the 4 therapy approaches. Let us assume that the variance of the depression scores within each therapy approach is the same. Below are three possible scenarios of the resulting 4 group means. For which scenario would you expect F to be the highest? For which scenario below would you expect F to be the lowest? Why?

Scenario 1:
M1 = 98.62 M2 = 64.51 M3 = 71.88 M4 = 92.18
Scenario 2:
M1 = 62.45 M2 = 14.18 M3 = 36.21 M4 = 99.98
Scenario 3:
M1 = 71.28 M2 = 69.88 M3 = 67.45 M4 = 73.24

Problem 2: Suppose a researcher wants to determine if the level of alexithymia (an inability to express feelings and emotions with words) is different for individuals in three different occupations: (a) accountants, (b) therapists, and (c) medical doctors. To answer this question, the researcher obtains a random sample of 4 accountants, 4 therapists, and 4 medical doctors, and obtains an alexithymia score using an alexithymia inventory. The data are shown below. Based on these data, answer the researcher's question. Be certain to clearly specify the statistical test you used in answering this question, and show all of the computations you used in answering this question.

Accountants Therapists Medical Doctors
4 6 2
4 7 4
3 7 3
5 8 3

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