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Theoretical Approaches to Counseling Practice

-What are the benefits of practicing from a well-defined theoretical approach and the pitfalls of not doing so.

-what influences the development of a theoretical approach and the process of how it will develop for a beginning counselor.

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Theoretical Approach

(1) What are the benefits of practicing from a well-defined theoretical approach and the pitfalls of not doing so?

(a) The benefits of practicing from a well-defined theoretical approach include the understanding that theoretical approaches allow the practitioner/counselors to draw insights form philosophical, psychological, and sociological disciplines. Insight into these disciplines can provide pertinent information underlying theoretical postulations from which a counselor can base his or her practice. For example, theories of personality help to understand individual differences, motivations, emotions etc. For example researchers have examined the relationship between shame and different types of anger based on theoretical models focused on shame and anger (e.g., Tangney, Wagner, Fletcher, & Gramzow, 1992.

* More recent studies have explored shame as an adaptive emotion that motives pro-social behavior (Hejdenberg & Andrews, 2011) & dispositional shame is viewed as a maladaptive and associated with negative emotions involving anger and aggression (e.g., Tangney et al., 1992). Theoretical models of shame and guilt has its origin in the work of Lewis (1971 as cited in Hejdenberg & Andrews, 2011). Lewis postulated that feelings of shame reflect humiliated states of anger and fury. Based on the theory, individuals provide defensive responses to shame that reflect powerlessness. Later evidence presented in support of Lewis' theory has ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the benefit of theories to counseling practices

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