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Personality Traits

Explain the three major components of the trait aspect. How does it compare and contrast to psychoanalytical personality?

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1. Explain the three major components of the trait aspect.
There are many different trait theories, and some have more than three major components, so it important to consider each theory separately. However, Idiographic Approach has three main components, which looks at how the traits come together to best understand the individual. It is detailed in examining the person. The three major components of this trait aspect are:
a. Central traits of individual best describe him or her
b. Secondary traits are important but less so
c. Cardinal trait is one trait that describes all of behavior of an individual - this is rare http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/gcallaghan/person/Trait.htm
However, there are many different trait theories, and some have more than three major components. For example, Cattell examined many sources of data and came up with 16 Source Traits or factors. The 'Big Five' were derived as personality indicators from Cattell's larger 16PF set.
The Big Five
When working with other people five characteristics/traits/preferences are a lot easier to remember than sixteen. This also leads to the obvious criticism that we are much more than 'five traits'. Using the first letters of the first three factors, the term NEO often appears in descriptions. The initial letters are also sometimes arranged to spell OCEAN.

Big Five Factor
(16PF equivalent) Describes
Neuroticism
(Anxiety) ? Anxiety
? Angry Hostility
? Depression
? Self-Consciousness
? Impulsiveness
? Vulnerability
Extraversion
(Extraversion) ? Warmth
? Gregariousness
? Assertiveness
? Activity
? Excitement-Seeking
? Positive Emotions
Openness
(Tough-minded) ? Fantasy
? Aesthetics
? Feelings
? Actions
? Ideas
? Values
Agreeableness
(Independence) ? Trust ...

Solution Summary

Explain the three major components of the trait aspect of personality development and how it compares and contrasts to psychoanalytical personality.

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