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3. How are the results of a personality assessment used by the courts, employers, therapists, and the educational system? What are the ethical implications for each of these uses?
In the courts, personality assessments are used by expert witness for issues related to competence of those being accused (i.e. MMPI profiles in court). (http://kspope.com/assess/mmpi.php.) Sometimes the court uses them in child custody cases concerning the parent's personality. Both lawyers and the courts use forensic psychologists and the information obtained from personality assessments in this way.
Ethical issues include validity of the test, confidentially of the client being assessed, informed consent, multiple relationships and issues related to billing as discussed in the article attached, of which the abstract is below
In this article we address several ethical issues of concern for psychologists who are engaged in personality assessment in forensic settings such as for courts or attorneys. The ethical issues reviewed include the role of the psychologist as an expert witness, matters of competence, informed consent, confidentiality, multiple relationships, and special issues related to billing. Emphasis is placed on how psychologists can provide useful information to the courts in a manner consistent with the American Psychological Association's (APA; 1992) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, the Committee on Ethical Guidelines for Forensic Psychologist's (1991) Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists, and the APA's (1994) Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Divorce Proceedings. The practical recommendations made in this article are consistent with the APA's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. ...
This solution discusses how the results of a personality assessment are used by the courts, employers, therapists, and the educational system, as well as the ethical implications for each of these uses. Supplemented with an informative article on the ethical issues of testing.