Explore BrainMass

Aspects of Personality

What are the five stages of Freudian psychosexual development and briefly describe each. How can understanding of Freud's stages be useful in modern consideration of personality? Discuss the difference between the pleasure principle and the reality principle. How might these be observed in adult behavior?

Define the Id, Ego, and Superego. How are these three things important to Freud's theory and modern perspectives on personality and include examples from a current article or research study to illustrate your comments.

Explain how personality develops through five psycho-sexual stages noting the major focus of sexual energy in each stage and potential complications experienced when issues in each stage are not resolved.

Explain psychoanalytic theory's influence on the modern understanding of the mind, memory, perception, emotion, and motivation.

Apply It!
Take one element of the theories or ideas and apply it to a real person - for example, someone from current events, politics, business, sports, the entertainment field. Define the terms you're using, and apply them to an aspect of this person's life (a specific action, behavior, or decision, for example).How can we understand this person more fully by using this concept to understand him/her?

Solution Preview

Hi There,
Thank you for using Brainmass. In this particular posting, you are asking for advice on a number of topics following the work of Freud primarily. I suggest using this simple outline:

1. Overview of Freud's Psychosexual Theory, including pleasure and reality principles - 200 words
2. Id, Ego & Superego discussion - 200 words
3. Development of Personality through the stages - 150 words
4. Impact on mind, memory, motivation, etc. 150 words
5. Application - 150 words

This outline should yield around 950 words which should cover what you need. Just let me know via the feedback section if you need further clarification. All the best with your studies!

AE 105878/Xenia Jones

On Freud's Theories

Sigmund Freud is said to be the central figure behind the psychoanalytic theory, a theory that attempts to explain personality and behavior by coming to understand the relationship between the conscious and the unconscious mind for the purpose of providing treatment and therapy to people whose repressed emotions and experiences manifest in a number of psychological, behavioral and emotional problems. The work of Carl Jung and Alfred Adler improved upon the foundations laid out by Freud and the 3 of them are said to form the triumvirate of modern psychology. Their shared goal was to understand the mental and behavioural social processes via research to establish theories and applied principles from which to view and understand our experiences, our behaviour and how the human psyche works especially in the creation of identities, personalities and meanings.

The focus of this discussion however is the work of Freud. His 2 primary principles - pleasure and reality underlie his psychoanalytic concept. The pleasure principle proposes that people seek for pleasure to avoid pain so as to secure themselves and to satisfy biological and psychological needs where pleasure is the driving force behind the id. Reality principle is the opposite of the pleasure principle as this is the driving force behind the ego. Whereas the id is seeking only what it wants, the ego seeks to balance out what it wants based on the realities of the situation of the individual to achieve goals and purpose. The ego is the center of the notion of 'I' for the ego is one's conscious psychic apparatus, fully aware of what is going on around him/her. ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) on the topic of the Psychoanalytic Aspects of Personality (see above).The tasks listed are given guidance. resources are also included for further exploration of the topic.