I would like help in putting together an explanation (summary) and problem statement for my topic "Gender differences in language use; text samples, with a focus on adult female and males." I have attached the article for a quick review. I am having a hard time getting started. Any directions and examples of how to begin would be greatly appreciated.
Please see the following reference:
Newman, M. L., Groom, C. J., Handelman, L. D., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2008). Gender differences in language use: An analysis of 14,000 text samples. Discourse Processes, 45(3), 211-236.
Let me go through the article you enclosed and give a basic summary and some ideas as to where to go from there.
The point here is that the data set is far larger than earlier studies ? using too few writing or speaking samples will not give reliable results.
Here are the findings of the earlier work in this field:
Women use questions more.
Men seem more ?commanding? in their speech and writing
boys are more ready to offer opinions
Female language is more tentative; it's more ?hedging? when offering opinions
Men seem to use longer words and often, harsher ones.
(The problem with these conclusions is that the samples used in the study were too small. As it turns out, these conclusions are false (or exaggerated)).
The expectation of this study was that men would be more prone to be informative and analytic, while women would be more personally involved in their writing.
Here is a summary of the results:
Women use more words.
Women use slightly more ?feeling? words
Women use slightly more negative emotion words
Women are more prone to use ...
The following posting discusses gender differences in language use.