Share
Explore BrainMass

Middle Childhood: Cognitive Development and Learning

1. Identify and discuss the logical operations of concrete operational thought, and give examples of how these operations are demonstrated by schoolchildren.

2. Explain how processing speed increases in middle childhood as the result of advances in autoimmunization and a larger knowledge base.

4. Discuss advances in the control processes, especially selective attention and metacognition, during middle childhood.

Solution Preview

Hi,

Let's take a closer look.

1. Identify and discuss the logical operations of concrete operational thought, and give examples of how these operations are demonstrated by schoolchildren.

According to Piaget, the seven- to 11-year-old child's cognitive development is characterized by concrete operational thought, which involves operations. Concrete operations are mental actions that are reversible. Children's long-term memory, metacognitive knowledge and cognitive monitoring improve during childhood. It is important for children to engage in critical thinking. Children's creativity should be encouraged. During middle and late childhood, for example, children become more analytical and logical in their approach to words and grammar. Also, reading is a more central aspect of language in the childhood years (Santrock, 2004). In other words, concrete operational thinking is flexible, reversible, not limited to the here and now, multidimensional and less egocentric than younger children. Children in this stage make use of logical inferences and cause and effect relationships. Understandings about the processes that underlie memory also emerge and improve during middle childhood.

2. Explain how processing increases speed in middle childhood as the result of advances in automatization and a larger knowledge base.

Information-processing speed in middle ...

Solution Summary

This solution identifies and discusses the logical operations of concrete operational thought, and give examples of how these operations are demonstrated by schoolchildren. It also explains how processing speed increases in middle childhood as the result of advances in autoimmunization and a larger knowledge base. It then discusses the advances in the control processes, especially selective attention and metacognition, during middle childhood. References provided in APA format.

$2.19