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Organizational theory and development

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You tell your next-door neighbor, Hal, that you are studying to be an I/O psychologist focusing on implementing organizational change initiatives.

Hal does not understand why a large, successful organization would need to undergo change. His opinion is, "If it works, don't fix it!"

Explain the process of organizational development and the importance of organizational change to Hal.

What types of changes in the environment may lead to organizational change? Rationalize with examples of real organizations that did not adapt to changing environments.

What should organizations do to ensure that changes occur smoothly and efficiently?

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Organizational theory and development:

Organizational development is the improvement of the firm's processes through improving the goal setting procedures, formulation of policies, and also the evaluation process with which the firm is involved. Organizational development is made possible through the utilization of the principles of behavioral science, so as to increase the effectiveness of the employees, and is done through addressing the issues that affect the employees and the work system that reduces the efficiency output in the organization e.g. interpersonal conflict, poor leadership quality, blur goals, and low morale among the employees etc (Pattanayak, 2005).

The process of organizational development includes problem identification, where in this stage the inadequacies of the firm are identified through conducting a diagnosis of organizational activities. The professional competence of the employees is also identified at this stage so as to ensure that effective plans are developed. The next step in organizational development is the collection of data. In this stage, a survey is conducted through the usage of questionnaires, observations, experiments etc. This is done so as to determine the behavioral problems that are within the firm and to also determine the environment of the organization.

Data analysis: after all the information is collected, the information officer focuses on the organizational development analyzes of the data they have collected and determines which ways and methods to utilize to resolve the inadequacies within the organization. Selection of techniques: in this stage is ...

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