Compare individualism and collectivism approaches to cross-cultural psychology. Include at least three similarities and three differences that shows how these approaches explain cultural influences on human psychology.
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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
Cross Cultural Psychology
Cross-cultural psychology takes note of the fact that human behavior and psychological processes is deeply influenced by the cultural context, situation and background of individuals/people. Thus, the behavior, worldview and expectations of an American would very much differ for example, from that of a Chinese, an Arab or a Russian. Culture shapes the way we view, behave and think and it is this notion that drives the studies of cross-cultural psychology. There are 2 main domains of study in this particular field - individualism and collectivism.
Alfred Adler pioneered this approach after he declared that the way to understand human psychology is by following a holistic approach, one that considers individual context, elements that differ people from each other. He considers every human being as ...
The solution provides a discussion of individualism and collectivism as approaches to cross-cultural psychology. Their similarities and differences are also discussed in terns of how they explain cultural influences on human psychology. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.