1. Which metacognitive skills would be helpful to answer question #2 most effectively (see below)? Explain your choices.
2.Suppose that a 4-year old boy has just visited the zoo. He is describing what he saw, first to his mother, and then to his 2-year old sister. Discuss how his descriptions to his mother and sister would be similar and different.
Metacognition refers to the ability of the learner to be aware of their own knowledge and their ability to manipulate, understand and control their own cognitive processes. Metacognitive skills are important for a manager who wants to learn and become an effective leader. An effective leader is one who can bring learning from off the job learning to on the job learning situations. He is also a person who can identify and overcome blocks. There are three types of metacognitive skills which are self-regulation, metacomprehension and metamemory (Fisher, 1998).
Self regulation refers to the ability of the learner to respond to their perception of feedback regarding their current status of learning and make adjustments in their own learning process. Self regulation focuses on maintaining the attitudes necessary employ and invoke these strategies on their own. It also focuses on the ability of the learner to focus on their own learning with persuasion and external stimuli. Students should be capable of adequately evaluating, selecting, monitoring and employing their use of these strategies so as to learn more effectively. They should also understand the purposes these strategies will serve and the available strategies. Metacomprehension refers to the ability of the learner to employ repair strategies when failures are identified, ability to monitor the degree to which they understand information being communicated to them and the ability to recognize failures to comprehend. Learners who are good in metacomprehension will undertake a corrective strategy such as relating different parts of a passage, relating prior knowledge to current information, looking for topic sentences or summary paragraphs and rereading. On the other hand, learners with poor metacomprehension skills most of the times finish reading comprehensions without knowing that they have not understood them. On the other hand, metamemory refers to the learner's knowledge and awareness about their own strategies a for using ...
Metacognitive skills as applicable to the problems stated above (see the case of the 4-year old boy) is related and discussed. Both questions 1 and 2 are provided answers.