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Theory in the classroom

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1.Explain behaviorist theory and give an example of how it can be applied in the classroom? Needing example of grade level EC-4

2.How do cognitive theorists differ from behaviorists and what role does active learning play in each theory? Having trouble how to word.

3.What is metacognition? What are some specific strategies teachers can employ in the classroom to encourage this type of thinking? I know what metacognition is but need help with rest of question.

Metacognition -simply definition is knowing how to learn or "thinking about thinking". Teachers who help students develop and internalize metacognitive strategies through direct instruction, modeling, and use of practice, promote learning because the effective use of such strategies is one of the primary differences between more and less able learners. Some specific strategies for teachers to use in the classroom include; identifying similarities and differences (comparing, contrasting, classifying, analogies and metaphors), reinforcing effort and give praise, setting objectives and providing feedback, and generating and testing hypotheses.

4.Compare and contrast Teacher-centered and student-centered teaching styles. Evaluate the effectiveness of each. Having trouble evaluating the effectiveness of each.

5.Analyze Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, paying special attention to why this concept is so important for teachers to understand.
Having trouble analyzing theory. It is my understanding that for a teacher to reach all students he/she must teach a variety of Gardner's intelligences in order to accommodate the learning skills of his/her class.
Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences are important for teachers to understand in order to accommodate different learning styles. Teachers should structure the presentation of material in a style, which engages all or most of the intelligences. When teachers center lessons on the students' needs, it optimizes learning for the whole class. Teachers who teach towards the multiple intelligences realize the benefits such as active learners and successful students. Each of the intelligences is potential in every learner and it is part of a teacher's job to nurture and help the children develop their own intelligences.

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Please allow my assistance with the following questions to guide you.

1. As you explain behaviorist theory, I see it as more teacher-centered, more traditional in terms of lecture and direction instructional format. As you give an example of how it can be applied in the classroom, you can talk about how an Ancient Roman lesson plan can be executed using a PowerPoint and then guided handout for the students to complete as the teacher directly instructs the class with a summary of the era.

2. As you then address how cognitive theorists differ from behaviorists, I see them as more interested in inquiry based learning, allowing students to interact and formulate their own meaning through active processing. Thus, the role of active learning plays an integral role in each theory. In cognitive learning, students actively connect prior knowledge to new data. In behavioral theory, students must also interact with the material by taking notes, answering ...

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