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Article Reviews: Quantitative and Qualitative Article Analysis

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Hello:

I need to use the following articles, to answer the following questions so, that I can finish incorporating the answers to my final draft. I only need 2-3 paragraphs for each question.

FOR THE QUANTITATIVE STUDY

Zwahr-Castro, J., & Dicke-Bohmann, A. K. (2014). Who can be friends? Characteristics of those who remain friends after dissolution of a romantic relationship. Individual Differences Research, 12(4-A), 142-152.

1. One research hypothesis (many articles have more than one; pick the one that is the focus, or is of most interest to you). Given the research hypothesis, what is the null hypothesis? Remember, depending on the article you are reading, the hypothesis may be implied.

2. In the context of this research study and the research hypothesis you stated in #1, assess Type I and Type II errors. What does it mean to commit each type of error for this research hypothesis? In the context of this study, is one error more "serious" or "harmful" than the other?

3. What is the probability of making a Type I error? How did you determine this?

4. Did the author conduct a power analysis to determine optimal sample size? If so, what is the target? If not, do you believe the study contained enough participants to drawn meaningful results? Why or why not?

5. Do the results support or refute the stated research hypothesis Do you agree with the conclusions? Why or why not?

6. Discuss (in your own words) this study's limitations. Are there any that you can identify that are not mentioned?

FOR THE QUALITATIVE STUDY

Sailor, J. L. (2013). A phenomenological study of falling out of romantic love. The Qualitative Report, 18, 1-22.

1. Identify the Research Question (if no question is stated, then determine what the authors are trying to answer based on the stated aims or goals of the study)

2. Determine how did the authors arrived at the optimal sample size. If they did not discuss how they determined their sample size, what was the number of participants? Do you believe the study contained enough participants to drawn meaningful results? Why or why not?

3. Discuss how the authors analyzed their data. In other words, how did the authors organize the data obtained from participants?

4. Determine any answers to the results for the Research Question. Do you agree with the authors' conclusions? Why or why not?

5. Indicate if this study demonstrates credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. Why or why not?

6. Discuss (in your own words) the study's limitations. Are there any limitations that you can identify that are not mentioned?

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Solution Preview

Article Reviews - Q&A

Article 1 - Zwahr-Castro, J., & Dicke-Bohmann, A. K. (2014). "Who can be friends? Characteristics of those who remain friends after dissolution of a romantic relationship," from Individual Differences Research, 12(4-A), 142-152. URL: http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/100210821/who-can-be-friends-characteristics-those-who-remain-friends-after-dissolution-romantic-relationship

1. One research hypothesis (many articles have more than one; pick the one that is the focus, or is of most interest to you). Given the research hypothesis, what is the null hypothesis? Remember, depending on the article you are reading, the hypothesis may be implied.
A - The study begins with a question - "Who can be friends?" which describes the intent of the study which is to investigate the possibility of friendship between former couples whose romantic relationships has ended. While not fully indicated as the main hypothesis, the authors asserted that personality and conflict styles or the way people handle conflict within friendships plays an important role in allowing for, as well as making impossible, the possibility of friendship between ex couples who have fallen out of romantic love and dissolved their relationships.
It is thus possible to voice their hypothesis as follows - "Personality and conflict styles in friendship can indicate whether or not ex-couples, following the dissolution of their romantic relationship, can remain friends."
2. In the context of this research study and the research hypothesis you stated in #1, assess Type I and Type II errors. What does it mean to commit each type of error for this research hypothesis? In the context of this study, is one error more "serious" or "harmful" than the other?
A - A type I error is detecting an effect that is not present. The study wanted to know if personality and conflict style can indicate if certain ex-couples who have fallen out of romantic love can be friends. It is possible to assert that the results may showcase a type one error if it did not utilize a personality test to measure personality as it relates to the possibility of remaining friends. The same can be said for conflict styles. But it utilized tests for both and said tests showcase the possibility of measuring likelihood of remaining friends.
A type II error is failing to detect an effect that is present. The study was set to measure the effectiveness or possibilities of personality tests and conflict style measures as likely indicators to characteristics that can essentially 'predict' possibility of friendship. In this sense, it only measures what it is set to measure. However there are some areas that I come to question for their absence. For example, if some of the ex-couples' results indicate likelihood of remaining friends but then they chose to not be friends, that is an effect that is present but not indicated or taken note of or detected in the study. I offer this as a type II error.
3. What is the probability of making a Type I error? How did you determine this?
A - The null hypothesis, if true, but is rejected, leads to a false positive. The study asserts that personality and conflict styles can indicate whether or not ex-couples can remain friends. This is the hypothesis. Now if the null hypothesis is the opposite of this - namely that personality and conflict style cannot indicate or predict possibility of ex-couples remaining friends after the dissolution of romantic love, and if the null hypothesis were true, then we will have a type I error. But this is not the case as the possibility of the null hypothesis being ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) on the topic of doing research article analysis on 2 studies, quantitative and qualitative, that explored dissolution of romantic love. Solution is presented in a Q&A format. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.

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