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Abnormal Psychology: childhood disorders

Analyze the biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components of childhood disorders.

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Whether or not children have psychiatric disorders, of itself, is a subject of debate. This is partly because there is a whole body of literature saying that mental problems in your people have a physical foundation. Even worse, few experts hold that one can generalize downward from adult mental problems to children. The chemical and behavioral elements are just too different.

In general, the diagnosis of juvenile mental illness is tightly related to function, or the lack thereof. Any objective standard can be used to see if a child is radically falling behind or not (Parens, 2008). One serious problem in the scientific literature is that, while numerous causes can be described and correlated with illness, the mechanism by which these causes create the mental issues are not known. The chemical approach often centers around problems of the dopamine and serotonin transmitters, but this remains controversial (Pearl, 2008).

The number of childhood psychological disorders is as large as the number of adult ones. With children, however, the question is on the focus of these disorders and their treatment. Genetics plays a role, though in general, it is closely related to autism and schizophrenia. Autism is almost entirely a genetic issue. This disease is typified by asocial behavior and derealization (the inability to grasp the outside world as real). They also seem to have what might be called OCD symptoms. Treatment here is problematic, but behavioral conditioning has been known to make a dent. There is some evidence that there is a genetic link in the abnormal behavior of neurotransmitters in children (Kendall-Taylor, 2009).

Anxiety disorders remain the most significant and numerous juvenile mental issues. Defiant and other conduct disorders affect about 6% of 9-17 year olds. If left untreated, it can create a spiral of frustration, leading to a lifetime of struggle and pain. Serious mental disturbances lead to about half dropping out of school. Because of their disruptiveness, many are expelled or medicated ...

Solution Summary

The expert analyzes the biological, emotional, cognitive and behavioral components of childhood disorders.