How might you make a case for biological/psychological reasons for ADHD as opposed to poor environmental fit? Are the physical markers irrefutable? Might adapting the environment be as effective for some children with this diagnosis as medication?
Welcome back to BM! Please rate 5/5 for my 400 words of ideas and references. I appreciate your business and am honored to assist you!
First, as you offer evidence for biological/psychological reasons for ADHD as opposed to poor environmental fit, one article offers validation:
Barkley, R. A., & Murphy, K. R. (2008). Psychological Maladjustment in Offspring of Adults with ADHD. ADHD Report, 16(3), 5-16.
The authors show a genetic, biological correlation in their study. They reveal that the children of parents with ADHD "have a higher risk for ADHD than those children of parents in non-ADHD adults in a community," which suggests a biological basis.
Biological seems to play an eminent role, as another article shows:
Beaver, K., Nedelec, J., Rowland, M., & Schwartz, J. (2012). Genetic Risks and ADHD Symptomatology: Exploring the Effects of Parental Antisocial Behaviors in an Adoption-Based Study. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 43(2), 293-305.
The authors advocate that "Genetic factors are consistently shown to explain a significant proportion of variance in measures of ADHD." ...
References and notes are briefly integrated to justify biological/psychological reasons for ADHD. 400 words.