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How might memory be influenced by internal and external factors?
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This solution examines how memory might be influenced by internal and external factors. References are included.
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1. How might memory be influenced by internal and external factors?
The research suggest internal factors include ones' sense of perceived self control and positive beliefs (West & Yassunda, 2004), locus of control impact memory. Age is also related, with younger people having higher memory capacity than older people (West & Yassunda, 2004). Other social (external) factors include lifestyle, physical activity, health status, the number of social contacts and volunteering (Stevens, et al. 1999, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10459792). Internal concepts (e.g. person's ability to represent situations in memory) impacted memory and learning ( Reyes et al., 1989, http://jea.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/9/1-2/112?ck=nck).
For example, Stevens, Kaplan, Ponds, Diederiks and Jolles (1999) in the study "How ageing and social factors affect memory" explored the relationships between lifestyle and memory, and determine whether social factors influence memory. The authors examined the relationship between memory and lifestyle was examined in 497 adults aged 25-80 years, using the Mectamemory in Adulthood questionnaire. We asked about sports activity and perceived activity, ...
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