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Memory Concepts

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What are some examples I can use from everyday life in reference to gradient degradation, mnemonic, mnemonic system, peg word system, and retroactive interference?

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Solution Summary

Referring to aspects of memory, this solution provide examples from everyday life in reference to gradient degradation, mnemonic, mnemonic system, peg word system, and retroactive interference.

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Please refer to attached response file. I hope these examples help you understand these concepts more fully.

1. Gradient degradation
The gradient-organized continuous whirlpool, properly named Whirlpool, downstream of Niagara Falls, is an example of gradient degradation. So are the cycling storm systems of hurricanes, tornadoes, and twisters, also not coincidentally given names, whose forcefulness and persistence correlate to the barometric or air pressure gradient that sustains them.

As the universal expansion of the Big Bang accelerated, matter precipitated from disequilibrated energy. In its own search for equilibrium, matter clumped, signaling further disequilibrium. The only way these clumps can be destroyed is by others, and this role of gradient degradation entrained the evolution of complexity, all the way to living systems. This serves universal equilibration because, generally, more of an energy gradient must be lost as heat than can become reembodied in its consumers, and so it can be said that these structures grow to serve gradient degradation, taking the second law of thermodynamics as a final cause. Some argue that that energy degradation is harnessed by growing systems because that process allows the fastest eventual dissipation in the direction of the lowest grade of energy
( http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol7/iss3/art3/abstract.html).

A group of Herero cattle farmers initiated a community grazing trial within a floodplain of the ephemeral Omatako River in central Namibia. A degradation model was constructed from measurements of various characteristics, for determining changes in wetland condition. Species data for Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CANOCO) came from the nearest perennial grass, if present within 5m of the sample point, otherwise from the nearest annual grass. The first ordination axis indicates a degradation gradient, with perennial grass species towards one extreme and annual grasses towards the other. The second axis appears to reflect a moisture gradient, although it was not measured (see http://www.ees.ufl.edu/homepp/brown/hoorc/docs/5%20Papers%20&%20Paper%20Abstracts/Zimmerman%204.3.doc).

Belousov-Zhabotinsky reactions become locally more complex as long as they are fed the reagents that form a chemical concentration or electron potential gradient; the behavior of many molecules comes into concert, becomes coherent, and the colored chemical, looking more like life or art, displays a variety of organized patterns. Spinning a cylinder inside another will cause pairs of counter-rotating whirlpools, called Taylor vortices, to appear; the number of pairs jump and, as the pressure gradient increases or decreases, display a sort of non-genetic history or memory.

Such movement, no doubt completely unconscious, occurring in even simple non-equilibrium systems, it is little wonder that far more complex non-equilibrium systems, maintaining and reproducing themselves as they continue to provide stable areas for gradient degradation (inevitably polluting, excreting and adding to molecular chaos in the areas around their selves), also evince purpose. Purpose, associated with conscious humans and divine design, may in other words be completely natural with a physical basis. ...

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