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Memory: Free recall, Cued recall, and Recognition memory

What are the similarities and differences among free recall, cued recall, and recognition memory? Please give examples, preferably from your own life experience. How is the concept of mnemonics used in learning material? How can you apply it in real life situations?

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Free recall is when someone is asked to recall a list, and can recall it in any order, without any cues or "help". An example might be recalling (in any order) five tasks that one wants to do on a given day.

Cued recall is when someone is asked to remember things, and is cued with a reminder or "helped" to recall that item. A real life example may be in paired items from a grocery list. Perhaps you need both butter and bread at the store (or coffee and cream) and you first recall butter, and the recalling of butter cues the recall of bread. Likewise with coffee and cream; remembering one item will cue the other item of the pair. Or perhaps ...

Solution Summary

Definitions of free recall, cued recall, and recognition memory are provided as well as comparing and contrasting these concepts. Mnemonics is also discussed regarding learning material, and all are offered with regard to real life situations in which we use these various concepts.