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article about metacognition

This job offers an engaging research topic in psychology. Ideas are presented and articles are attached.

Psych 101 presentation guidelines

15-20 minutes in length

Team of 2 persons

• Presentation article
o Must be original research paper on a topic in psychology.
o Must have experiment(s) -not a review paper
o Must have some kind of statistical analysis
o Submit 3 potential papers to me for selection by lecture Week 5 at the latest
 Must be entire text of paper (not just abstract)
 Extra copy of first page of each article

• General Guidelines
o The most important thing is the experience of the audience. Always ask yourself the question "would I understand what was going on if I were in the audience". One of the most difficult things to do is to forget what you know and explain things to someone who has not spent a month reading this article over and over as you have.
o Having overheads/powerpoint slide helps people follow along with your flow of ideas - it's virtually impossible to give a presentation without them.
o Overheads should not have too much detail -- use minimum of 20 point font so that your audience can read them
o Practice the presentation by giving it to your partner (or even better to someone else who does not know as much as you do) - this is crucial to determine which parts makes sense and which parts are confusing
o Think seriously about what your presentation will look like to your audience. Remember that they do not know everything that you do and will not be able to fill in the details the way you can.
o You may need to get supporting articles to understand all of the concepts presented in your article. Remember that your goal is to present what the study is about, and you may need to learn some things that are not presented in the article to do that.
o DO NOT READ THE TEXT ON THE SLIDE. The slides are meant to be a road map of your presentation, they should be summary information. If the audience is reading your slides, they are not listening to you. They can read much faster than you can speak. If you read the slides, you will lose points.
o Make it interesting. Anything you can do to engage the audience is a good thing. You might have a demonstration of an effect, or give them some kind of test - use your imagination to get them involved so that they will remember your presentation
• The overheads should progress in a logical fashion
o You need to establish a context for the experiment
 What's the area of psychology that the study is investigating.
o What previous studies are relevant?
o After establishing what the context of the study is, you need to bring up what the central question of the study is:
 What question is the study attempting to answer?
 What are the independent and dependent variables
o What happens in the study? What's the method?
o What are the results? Graphs definitely help here. You might have to make them up if they are not present in the study.
o What do the results mean?
o Show that you have thought about the results.
 Do you agree with the conclusions of the author?
 Any flaws in the author's arguments?
 Any flaws in the study?
 Be very careful about criticizing a study for not having enough subjects. Although it is true that some studies over generalize the results, it is all too common to raise this as a flaw.
o You need to propose some kind of a follow-up study that extends the research.
 This is quite difficult. Think of a new study that tests a question that follows from the research. This does not have to be super specific, but it should show some thought.
• Don't be limited by the guidelines listed here.
o There may be other things that you can do to convey information about your study or the phenomenon.
o Be creative.
o Surf the net looking for material that might help you
o Try and grab people's attention if possible. Your job is not just to present information, but to make it INTERESTING.
• Use this as a learning opportunity
o There is a very good chance that you will give presentations some time in your future work life. This will be good practice.
o Use the resources available to you.
 Your TA and your professor get paid to help you. Make them earn their salary. Go to office hours and ask them for help.
 Don't just show up and say "Hey, what should I do", come with some ideas and we will help you. We love to help you, but we won't do your work for you.
• Basis of grading
o Clarity.
 How clear is your presentation?
 How well does the information flow through the presentation.
 Don't use words that people won't understand unless you tell people what they mean.
o Understanding - does your presentation show that you....
 know what the study is about?
 understand why the study was done?
 understand what the results mean?
 have thought about what is good and bad about the study?
 recognized any flaws in the logic or in the methodology?
o Creativity & Aesthetics
 Is the presentation engaging?
 Is the presentation visually aesthetic?

Attachments

Solution Preview

Attached is a great article about metacognition (thinking about thinking) and how it affects the taking of multiple-choice examinations. My advice to you on your powerpoint presentation is this: divide your presentation up along the same lines as the article is divided. Note that psychological research articles contain the following parts: abstract, procedure, results, discussion, and references. The abstract is simply an overview of the entire experiment. The purpose of it is so that it can be excerpted into databases and periodicals so that other researchers can read it first to decide if the experiment is relevant to their own research before they read the entire article. Within the other general categories, you will find that the procedure piece may be broken into participants, materials ...

Solution Summary

An article about metacognition is attached to guide research. The original research paper on a topic in psychology is presented.

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