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    Sex Offenders Statuses

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    1. Describe and evaluate sex offender statuses and discuss recent trends.

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    1. Describe and evaluate sex offender statuses and discuss recent trends.

    There are sexual assault and rape. Sex offenders are often of low-mid socioeconomic and low educational status. Sex offenders have also been found to have a deficit in cognitive abilities (see example 3 study below), so of lower cognitive status than average.

    Sex offenders can be have adults victims (male or female; stranger, acquaintances, wife. husband, partner; or incest) or children victims (pedophilia and pedophilic incest)(see http://www.unh.edu/ccrc/projects/njov2.html). Pedophiles have a registered status after getting out of prison and have to let people their sexual offending status in order to protect our children, because re-offending is high for this population of offenders.

    TRENDS: Based on Sexual Assault Statistics

    All of these statistics and their sources can be found in The Empowerment Project-pages 135-143. The Empowerment Project can be downloaded here. http://fsacc.ca/content.php?id=43742

    Statistics which have been updated are shown alongside their references on this page, and the revisions will soon appear in The Empowerment Project document.

    How Often Does Sexual Assault Occur?

    * 1, 397 sexual assaults occur in Canada every day.
    *Once every minute a woman or child in Canada is sexually assaulted (forced sexual touching)
    *A woman is raped (forced to have sexual intercourse) every 17 minutes in Canada

    Who Are The Victims Of Sexual Assault?
    * 82% of sexual assault victims are women or girls
    * 15% of sexual assault victims are boys under 17
    * 3% of sexual assault victims are men over 17
    * 56% of female victims are under 18 years of age
    * 25% of female victims are under 12 years of age
    * 44% of female victims are over 18 year of age
    * 77% of stalking victims are women

    What Percentage of Canadian Women Are Victims Of Sexual Violence?
    *39% of Canadian women (or 2 out of 5) have been sexually assaulted since the age of sixteen
    *24% of Canadian girls under age 16 have experienced rape or coercive sex.
    * 51% of Canadian Women have been victims of physical or sexual violence since the age of sixteen.
    * 24% of Canadian women have been forced into sexual activity by threat, by being held down, or by being hurt in some way.
    * 30% of women currently or previously married have experienced at least one incident of physical or sexual violence at the hands of a marital partner.

    Who Are The Attackers?
    *98% of sexual attackers are men.
    *80% of sexual offenders are over 18 years of age.
    *44% of sexual offenders are over 35 years of age.
    *50% of sexual offenders - at the time of the assault - are married or living common-law, have children, and are considered responsible members of the community.

    78% of sexual attackers were men the victim knew prior to the attack.
    * 35% was a close friend or acquaintance
    * 32% was a past or current partner
    * 11% was a family member
    * 22% of sexual attackers were strangers

    Who Is More Likely To Experience Sexual Assault?

    *82% of sexual assault victims are women or girls
    Young Girls and Young Women
    *Girls are 2 to 3 times more likely (than boys) to experience childhood sexual abuse.
    *Women aged 18 to 24 are over three times more likely to experience sexual assault.
    *The majority of date and acquaintance rape victims are young women aged 16 to 24.

    Runaway children
    *86% of runaway girls and 50% of runaway boys have experienced sexual abuse.

    Previously assaulted women and girls
    *Victims of incest or child abuse are much more likely to be revictimized.
    *60% of sexual assault victims had experienced more than one sexual assault.

    Double Jeopardy
    This refers to people who are more at risk than the general population because they are victims of others forms of oppression. The following groups of women are in double jeopardy:

    Women and girls with disabilities
    *Girls with disabilities are four times more likely (than the national average) to be sexually abused.
    *53% of women disabled from birth have been raped, abused, or assaulted.
    *83% of women with disabilities will be physically or sexually assaulted.
    First Nations / Aboriginals
    *The incidence of child sexual abuse in some Aboriginal communities is as high as 75 to 80% for girls under 8 years of age.
    *57% of Aboriginal women have been sexually abused.
    New Canadians
    *Fear of being deported and fear of the police often keep immigrant and refugee women from reporting domestic abuse.

    What Circumstances Surround Sexual Assault?

    *64% of sexual offences occurred in the home (Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics. Juristat, 23 [6], 1 - 26. 2003).
    *22% of sexual assaults involved a weapon.
    *61% of attackers use threat of physical force during a sexual assault.
    *In more than 40% of incidents of violence against women the attacker was drinking.
    *A firearm was involved in less than 1% of sexual assault cases
    *18% of sexual assault cases involved another type of weapon.
    *54% of young women and 13% of young men have experienced sexual coercion in a dating relationship (Price, E. et al. Dating Violence amongst New Brunswick Adolescents: A Summary of Two Studies. Research Paper Series No.2. Muriel McQueen Fergusson Centre for Family Violence Research: Fredericton, New Brunswick, January 2000)
    *20% of post-secondary students said they gave into unwanted sexual intercourse because they were overwhelmed by a man's continual arguments and pressure.
    *31% of males and 22% of females said "yes" when asked the ...

    Solution Summary

    Through discussion, research and statistics, this solution describes and evaluates sex offender statuses. It offers empirical and statistical data and further discusses recent sex offender trends.