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Open-Ended Question vs. Closed-Ended Question & Therapeutic Alliance

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Please help me with the following:

Give an example of an open-ended question and one example of a closed-ended question you would ask a client. Then, briefly describe circumstances in which you would use each, and explain why. Finally, suggest one follow-up question for each that would add value to a counseling session, and explain why.

Explain how your values might influence your work with clients who have values different from your own. Then, explain if and how you would use self-disclosure to maintain a therapeutic alliance with a client that holds values different from your own. Be specific and use examples to illustrate your explanation.

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1. One example of an open-ended question would be, "How does it make you feel when your boyfriend calls you inappropriate names?" On the other hand, a close-ended question would be, "Do you call your boyfriend foul names in return?" Knowing the difference between these two types of questioning methods is critical when providing therapy to a client. Open-ended questions encourage the client to further elaborate instead of giving just a "yes" or "no" response. The therapist/counselor is able to acquire more information about the client and gain better understanding of the problem or challenge being conveyed. For example, the first example (open-ended question) can lead to this follow-up question: "In addition to name-calling, what else does your boyfriend do/say to make you feel this way?" This can give the questioner insight into what else may be occurring in that abusive relationship, such as physical harm. A follow-up for ...

Solution Summary

The expert examines open-ended versus closed-ended questions for therapeutic alliances.