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Male-Female Differences, Cultural and Ethnic Differences

1. What is meant by "cultural effects" and how culture might influence personality.

2. Define the construct of race and explain potential problems with using it as an approach to grouping people.

3. What are two broad areas of research that lead us to believe that some behavioral/personality characteristics may be biologically (genetically/hormonally) determined and give two specific example of research that points to this conclusion.

4. Describe how three different perspectives of the eight perspectives discussed in the text; also explain relations between personality and culture. Which theory accounts for cultural influences on personality best and Worst?

5. Take one element of the theories and ideas presented and apply it to a real person - for example, someone from current events, politics, business, sports, the entertainment field. Define the terms you're using, and apply them to an aspect of this person's life (a specific action, behavior, or decision, for example).How can we understand this person more fully by using this concept to understand him/her?

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1. Cultural Affects

What is cultural affect? Essentially, it is the impact culture has in shaping and developing personality. Culture are those set of beliefs, practices, traditions, mores, language and standards by which an individual, through learning, becomes expert. This expertise allows this individual to function in a society that practices this particular culture so that an individual becomes part of this society. Cultural skills allow for an individual to survive and thrive. Now, since culture shapes the way we view the world, what we see as right and wrong, what we deem as happiness and sadness, rewards and punishments - then naturally, culture impacts the development of personality - how an individual feels, behaves and sees the world is shapes by the bounds of culture, specifically his or her culture. While personality is unique, culture is shared and it is this culture that connects different personalities together so that they become part of a bigger whole - society.

2. Race & Social Groups

Race, we often think, is all about skin color. As a concept, sociologically speaking - race is constructed. Our ancestors wished to differentiate people of differing attributes, physical or otherwise, from each other. Thus, race was used to determine physical characteristics that defines certain groups of people. The 'White race for example point to people who are White or have White ancestry, from the US, Europe or the Northern nations and their territories. Race is often mistaken for ethnicity as ethnicity means one's culture. For example, while the physical attributes of a Hispanic people are pretty distinct and quite easily observed, the people ...

Solution Summary

The differences between the male-female are determined. Cultural and ethnic differences are determined.

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