Explore BrainMass
Share

Explore BrainMass

    Attitude Change

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    1 Have you ever changed a strongly held attitude? What caused the change for you?

    2 Do you believe that you are free of prejudice? After reading this chapter, which of the many factors that cause prejudice do you think is most important to change?

    3 How do Milgram's results, particularly the finding that the remoteness of the victim affected obedience relate to some aspects of modern warfare?

    4 What are some of the similarities between Zimbardo's prison study and the abuses at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq?

    5 Have you ever done something in a group that you would not have done if you were alone? What happened? How did you feel? What have you learned from this chapter that might help you avoid this behavior in the future?

    6 Can you think of situations when the egoistic model of altruism seems most likely correct? What about the empathy-altruism hypothesis?

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 10, 2019, 2:56 am ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/psychology/abnormal-psychology/attitude-change-400378

    Solution Preview

    Therapy questions:

    1 Have you ever changed a strongly held attitude? What caused the change for you?

    This is a very subjective question. You are to reflect on your own prejudice and/or biases and attitudes if you hold any.

    2 Do you believe that you are free of prejudice? After reading this chapter, which of the many factors that cause prejudice do you think is most important to change?

    I offer insights for this question:

    Prejudice is a negative attitude held toward a person or group. Studies show that prejudice is a major social problem, Ethnic and racial groups are often the targets of widespread prejudice. According to Altemeyer (1981) prejudice arises from attitudes related to the following: (a) conventionalism, (b) authoritarian submission, and (c) authoritarian aggression. Several factors may attribute to different forms of prejudice including stereotyping in person perceptions; (how persons view others); making biased attributions (unfair characterization and attributing negative behaviors to others based on discrimination and stereotyping); forming prejudices based on in-group and out-group divisions; and perceptions of social groups as inferior and superior. Thus, an example (given your position) what do you think is important to change, stereotyping, unfair attribution, etc.?

    3 How do Milgram's results particularly the finding that the remoteness of the victim affected obedience relates to some aspects of modern warfare?

    Milgram conducted his study to demonstrate that normal people do evil things under the influence of authority. Patros, J .Abrahamson, A., MacIntosh, S. & Potter, S (n.d.), point to Alexander' study in which he suggested that "group members cannot resist the pressure of assumed stations, and brutality is the natural expression of roles associated with groups that have unequal power. Although people who share a sense of identity in a group or reasoning, they arrive at decisions based on the ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution examines personal attitude and change. The discussion is focused on how and why attitudes change. I examines how persons hold negative attitudes toward others such as discriminaiton and prejudice. The discussion als examines how these attitudes relate to prevailing attitudes regarding warfare, and explores way in which those attitudes may change.

    $2.19