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Questions on Terrorism

Questions on Terrorism: Please advise answers & additional insight.

1. What is meant by business continuity and why should businesses have a continuity of operations plan? What mitigation /preparedness role does the private sector have in terms of homeland security?

2. What are some impediments with the private sector collaborating with government agencies in homeland security preparedness planning?

3. What are the major differences between traditional hazards and the new hazards associated with terrorism?

4. What are the five major categories of hazards associated with terrorism?

5. Summary of arguments from above.

Solution Preview

Dear Student,
I have created a comprehensive solution for you taking real-world examples from the current events globally to exemplify the principles and concepts enclosed within the issues presented in your posting. I have decided to do this because I believe that without exemplification and in-depth but concise discussion, students find them a little too complicated to decipher and understand. I hope that this solution helps. I have come to surmise that one of the textbooks I have decided to use as guide might be your main text and source for this class, hence I am confident that the information I have included here will serve you well. Thank you for using brainmass. Good luck in your studies and happy holidays! attached is the word version of this solution for easy printing.

Sincerely,
OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
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1. Business Continuity Explained

Recent events in Mumbai and Bangkok starkly reminded the world that business continuity management in the face of crisis however extreme is necessary so that should worst come to worst , effective business management can make a difference in ensuring that businesses stay afloat despite the crisis and survive it, otherwise, chaos occurs. Terrorism simply put is the coercion of a society by the use of violence and the threat of terror. The reasons behind terrorism are varied. The Al Qaeda is a radical and religious group while the former IRA is a political group.

The Current Bangkok Crisis: An example

The current crisis in Bangkok is a classic example of economic continuity problem in relation to terrorism & crisis - one can say that the PAD (People's alliance for Democracy) who have this week taken forcibly the main airports of Bangkok, an Asian Hub is out of touch with reality, and has sent the nation into a political and economic crisis while trapping over 100,000 tourists in the country. With the military refusing to use force to remove them and the police without political will to impose the law against the PAD who demand the Thai PM to resign and refuse to accept the electoral mandate, an estimated $93 million/day since the take-over of Suvarnabhumi International airport is lost with 70,000 jobs gone and a million threatened. Thailand is a tourism-reliant economy. Investment in Thailand is related to the tourism boom as the country receives over 10 million visitors/year. During former PM Thaksin Shinawatra's years in the office, business flourished as a stable government holding office empowered by the electorate attracted major business players who made Bangkok their Asian base. The coup that ousted Shinawatra in 2006 was backed by the 'elite' who accused him of corruption. The PAD, the people behind the coup's real gripe is with Thailand's democratic system, whose outcomes they want to control. Their goal is to eliminate one-man-one-vote democracy and replace it with a parliament that is 30% elected and 70% appointed due to the belief that majority of the Thai populace are unsophisticated voters who will no doubt elect a populist politician one again. After the 2006 coup, election was held and true enough, the ousted PM's party were chosen by an overwhelming mandate. The PAD then staged a takeover of the government offices with the latest being the takeover of one of the world's busiest airport.

Putting aside the political & social causes & effects of the event, what we have here is a classic example of an unforeseen event that is destroying national economy, one seen to have been among the most stable in the South East Asian Region. With the one singular act a national economy was crippled and its effects will take years to fix as investor confidence was lost overnight. Consumers, the tourists who flock annually to Thailand are now looking elsewhere with the stability of Thailand and its image destroyed; tourism-dependent businesses in country are now facing tough times ahead, if not closure. From the news -
"Pramong Suthiwong, chairman of Thailand's Board of Trade, yesterday urged the government to re-open Suvarnabhumi airport as soon as possible because the damage from its closure is now incalculable."
"Pornsilp Patcharinkul, a senior executive of the Board of Trade, said fresh food, orchids, electronics, jewellery and other exporters are badly hit by the airport closures with damage estimated to be around Bt3 billion/$93 million per day."
- The Nation, Bangkok, December 1, 2008

Planning, Mitigation, Preparedness & Homeland Security
"Terrorism raises the risk and cost of doing business, whether that business is diplomacy, manufacturing, or sales." - Ambassador Francis Taylor, 2002

Maclean-Bristol, a British Business Continuity Consultant recently presented a paper on the Business Continuity aimed at simplifying the complex issues in relation to crisis management & business continuity. He proposed that the capability of businesses to withstand & recover in the event of any crisis will be determined by in-place business continuity contingencies. If however these fail safes are not in existence within the organization due to the nature of the crisis/event (i.e. the Bangkok Crisis, 9-11), business continuity managers must then take over the handling of the recovery of the business to identify the required levels of recovery step by step, reflexively working on all the elements on the ground identifying the limitations & strengths and areas by which the business can improve on by determining the current level of recovery to arrive at what needs to be done. This was what was applied by the businesses affected in the wake of 9-11; new offices were acquired, new employees were taken in, business transactions affected were repaired and salvaged. On the other hand, a new element was added into the business continuity planning of companies affected by 9-11 - enhanced security and retraining of personnel in cases of ...

Solution Summary

The solution is a a comprehensive set of 5 small essays that provides answers, insights, arguments and discussions that directly tackle the questions on global terrorism as presented n the original post (see problem). Written in APA format, it provides a conclusive summary essay. References are provided. Word version is attached for easy printing.

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