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Domestic terrorism and extremism

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1. What can be said of the relationship between extremism and terrorism? Are all terrorists extremists? Are all extremists terrorists?
2. Define terrorism. Why is there a broad approach to constructing a definition of terrorism?
3. What is the difference between "terrorism from above" and "terrorism from below"? When or under what circumstances does each type of terrorism (above and below) take place?
4. What are the tools of terrorism? Explain them.

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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

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1. According to the text, what can be said of the relationship between extremism and terrorism? Are all terrorists extremists? Are all extremists terrorists?

Extremism is a form of radicalism that looks towards using terror tactics to forward an ideology and belief. 'Extreme' because those perpetuating it are willing to go far beyond reason and as the case with extremists, there is no 'negotiation' for even in their own societies, their beliefs are not popularly shared (i.e. the Sunni & the Shia Muslim sects question the radical beliefs and motives of the Al Qaeda, for example). This is the label given to 'Muslim Extremists' like the terrorist groups Al Qaeda (9-11 terrorist attacks on US soil) and Jemiyah Islamiyah (Bali Bombings). Their target is to inflict as much damage as possible despite the fact that mostly, they lack the means to power & to obtain their ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides a comprehensive answer to the questions listed in relation to domestic terrorism (see original problem/long description) , four in all. Explanations and direct information that answers the questions number to about 880 words. References are listed for easy expansion, a word version is attached for easy printing and download.

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Domestic terrorism is not a new phenomenon; however, law enforcement organizations appear to be facing a multifaceted domestic threat in the forms of Lone Wolf terrorism, special-interest terror groups, and radicalized persons. Briefly describe each of these groups, as well as their current and historic motivations, providing examples of significant incidents in the U.S. involving each.

Finally, identify the current structure in the U.S. to identify potential domestic terror threats, interrupt terrorist planning cycles, and mitigate the impact of successful attacks. Be sure to address the roles of Federal, State, Local and Tribal agencies and organizations in these efforts, as well as those of private industry and concerned citizens.

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