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    Disaster Relief Strategies

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    Disaster Management

    Take a moment to explore the major calamities that have affected individuals worldwide within the last 5 years (Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Irene, the Japan earthquake/tsunami, the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico). Select two contemporary natural disasters that have occurred within the last 5 years, and analyze the two incidents based on the following points:

    - The nature and magnitude of the disasters.
    - The health status of individuals affected by the disasters (include information about victims' physical health, and social health statuses)
    - The type of relief efforts provided by governmental, non governmental, and private organizations in each disaster.
    - Inadequacies in relief efforts of the disasters
    - Review the CDC's Public Health Capabilities: National Standards for State and Local Planning report. After reviewing the document:
    - List three salient strategies that you might include to help prepare for future natural disasters.
    - Address how these strategies might have been beneficial with the past natural disasters.

    Conclude the study by including measures to further improve disaster/relief management.

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    Solution Preview

    Japan 3/11/11 earthquake

    This disaster was triggered by a magnitude 9.0 earthquake off the eastern coast of Japan, the strongest earthquake to hit Japan since recorded history and the forth strongest in the world since 1900. The earthquake damaged hundreds of thousands of structures and triggered a tsunami that devastated the eastern coast of Japan. The tsunami, in turn, led to level 7 meltdowns in three nuclear reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, leading to the evacuation of hundreds of thousands of residents. The World Bank's estimated cost of the disaster was U.S.$235 billion, making it the most expensive natural disaster in history.

    The earthquake caused tens of thousands of deaths and injuries, displaced 340,000 people and led to shortages in food, water, clothing, shelter, medicine, and fuel for survivors. Electricity, transportation, and water supplies were disrupted. Although chaos was not widespread due to the typical Japanese attitude of forbearance, there were still reports of looting and sexual assaults which occurred in the affected areas.

    The Japan Self-Defense Forces were mobilized in earthquake disaster zones. There was a significant outpouring of financial aid from more than 100 ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution discusses disaster relief strategies.