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How Nietzsche sees the human being as a creator.

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Zarathustra claims that the world revolves around the creators of values. Who are the creators of values and why does Zarathustra believe the world revolves around them?

Nietzsche sees the human being as a creator because he did not only believe that God is dead, but structured his philosophy to reflect that fact. When everything was based on the belief in God, all values were believed to come from him. One's goal in life then would be to do the will of God. In other words, the purpose of one's life was already pre-determined. But with the death of God, Nietzsche argues that there is no pre-determined goal or purpose in life. But this does not mean that one cannot set a purpose for one's life. As he rightly said in an 1873 note, published in Walter Kaufmann's The Portable Nietzsche, p. 39-40, "That my life has no aim is evident even from the accidental nature of its origin; that I can posit an aim for myself is another matter".

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Let us say first of all that, where some other philosophers, like Plato, see the human being as a metaphysical animal (a dual being composed of mind and body where the body is a prison to the mind), Nietzsche sees the human being essentially as an aesthetic animal. This is why for him; man (human beings!) is the creator of values. In the chapter entitled "On The Higher Man" in Part IV of Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Zarathustra extols and exalts them as creators of values. He advises them to keep away from the crowd, those who say that all men are equal! "You higher men, learn this from me: in the market place nobody believes in higher men. And if you want to speak there, very well! But the mob blinks: 'We are all equal'... ...

Solution Summary

Nietzsche sees the human being as a creator because he did not only believe that God is dead, but structured his philosophy to reflect that fact. When everything was based on the belief in God, all values were believed to come from him. One's goal in life then would be to do the will of God. In other words, the purpose of one's life was already pre-determined. But with the death of God, Nietzsche argues that there is no pre-determined goal or purpose in life. But this does not mean that one cannot set a purpose for one's life.

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Creation myths and theories are presented.

Provide help with summarizing and applying theories of myth to selected creation myths. Myth & Knowing discusses a variety of theoretical approaches scholars use to better understand mythology. Select three of those theories and summarize them in your own words. Then, compare two creation myths using the theories you summarized to explain how each creation myth functions in the culture in which it is a part. Conclude by reflecting on these theories to help explain the cultural function of myths in general:

Mythology will forever expand in studies during the length of a lifetime. Myths have a sense of truth that is questioned by many. Family legends, history, religion, culture, and arts are realities that uphold mythâ??s and the explanation behind it. â??Like an onion, a myth has many layersâ? (Leonard & McClure, 2004, p. 28) which explains the various stories of symbolism, religious allegories, and beliefs which can possibly be narrowed down to the closest truth of that time. There are varied theories of myth current applied to study a particular myth or story. Scholars use theories to better understand myths. Plato, Euhemeros and Euhemerism, and Adalbert Kuhn are scholars whose theories are discussed through a personal view and compared by two creation myths Out of the Blue and The Popul Vu.

Platoâ??s Rational Myth created a new path for the Greek word mytho by confirming the synonym as false (( Leonard & McClure, 2004, p. 4). Plato validated mythâ??s as â??a form of truthâ? that were philosophical about origins myths, but claimed myths created by people which spoke of Gods and Heroes were false myths (( Leonard & McClure, 2004, p.4). In another sense Plato believed that various stories that do not serve justification or were truth cannot be found are false myths. Concrete locations and origins lead to truth for Plato.

Euhemeros and Euhemerism was firm on science belief versus explanations of history and imagination. Euhemerism did not acknowledge the truth-value for all myths and still questioned exaggeration to previous historic events. â??Euhemeros believed that myths were not true per se but that they contained the kernels of historical truthâ? ( Leonard & McClure, 2004, p.5).

Adalbert Kuhn was influenced by Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche which allowed him to view various myths as allegories. Kuhnâ??s approach allowed him to see different views of myths compared to the elements of the earth. As an example â??particularly the rainstorm that bestows fire in the form of lightning and the life-giving elixir of rain which makes all life possibleâ?¦ the stolen gift was fire; sometimes it was the elixir of immortalityâ? (Leonard & McClure, 2004, p. 12).

Leonard, S., & McClure, M. (2004). Myth & knowing: An introduction to world mythology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

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