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How Nietzsche sees the human being as a creator.

Zarathustra claims that the world revolves around the creators of values. Who are the creators of values and why does Zarathustra believe the world revolves around them?

Nietzsche sees the human being as a creator because he did not only believe that God is dead, but structured his philosophy to reflect that fact. When everything was based on the belief in God, all values were believed to come from him. One's goal in life then would be to do the will of God. In other words, the purpose of one's life was already pre-determined. But with the death of God, Nietzsche argues that there is no pre-determined goal or purpose in life. But this does not mean that one cannot set a purpose for one's life. As he rightly said in an 1873 note, published in Walter Kaufmann's The Portable Nietzsche, p. 39-40, "That my life has no aim is evident even from the accidental nature of its origin; that I can posit an aim for myself is another matter".

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Let us say first of all that, where some other philosophers, like Plato, see the human being as a metaphysical animal (a dual being composed of mind and body where the body is a prison to the mind), Nietzsche sees the human being essentially as an aesthetic animal. This is why for him; man (human beings!) is the creator of values. In the chapter entitled "On The Higher Man" in Part IV of Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Zarathustra extols and exalts them as creators of values. He advises them to keep away from the crowd, those who say that all men are equal! "You higher men, learn this from me: in the market place nobody believes in higher men. And if you want to speak there, very well! But the mob blinks: 'We are all equal'... ...

Solution Summary

Nietzsche sees the human being as a creator because he did not only believe that God is dead, but structured his philosophy to reflect that fact. When everything was based on the belief in God, all values were believed to come from him. One's goal in life then would be to do the will of God. In other words, the purpose of one's life was already pre-determined. But with the death of God, Nietzsche argues that there is no pre-determined goal or purpose in life. But this does not mean that one cannot set a purpose for one's life.

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