<br>Although both Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Nietzsche did most of their works on morality, they differ in that Kant's works revolved around a moral value criterion, whereas Nietzsche focused on actual moral values.
<br>In Nietzsche's point of view, a person should live his life for the sake of living it, not because of any perception of anticipated afterlife, because Nietzsche did not believe in an afterlife. In fact, Nietzsche believed in life and the power of man over others. When one chooses to reject old values, or the concepts of the "greats" for the creation of new values, he is following the time-honoured ideals of Nietzsche. Nietzsche philosophized concerning opposing psychological capacities that exist in everyone. In his opinion, those capacities are the great forces that may be balanced so that people are able to live correctly. By living correctly, in Nietzsche's opinion, one may have a full life. To him, this was very important. In his way of thinking, for example, morality is a matter of reason and conscience. It is not a matter of religious faith. In fact, he did not have religious faith. Religion did not even exist, as far as Nietzsche was concerned. This fact and opinion are quite objectionable to those who are religious. To those that are not ...
1. How does Kant use our consciousness of moral obligation within the practical sphere to argue for the reality of noumena corresponding to the three so-called "Ideas of Pure Reason"? Why does he nevertheless deny that we can have knowledge of these 3 sorts of noumena?
2. On what fundamental basis would Kant object to Mill's utilitarianism, if it were offered as a theory of moral rightness? Defend Kant's view on the matter.
3. How might a Kantian and a utilitarian differ over the question of whether it is morally acceptable to commit suicide if one has "had enough of life"? Who has the better of the argument, and why exactly?
4. "The last thing in the world that Plato would gladly abide would be a Platon-ist; the last thing in the world that FN would be able to stomach would be a Nietzsche-an." Defend.
5. "There can be no doubt that bad conscience is a sickness, but so, in a sense, is pregnancy." Comment.