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    Ethics and Theory

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    Part 1

    1. Present three specific questions that you would ask in the Turing Test to determine if something is real or artificial intelligence.
    2. Explain why you think these questions would be the type to reveal the computer to be a computer? Why would these responses have to be given by a human being?
    3. (If you don't think there are such questions, explain how the three questions you chose would fail to determine which one of the respondents was a computer and which was an actual human.)

    Part 2

    Using one of the following Hegel Geist, St. Thomas Aquinas, Fideism, Design or The cosmological argument answer the following questions.
    1. After reading about the various proofs of the existence of God, identify which of these arguments seems to be the best, and explain why you think so.
    2. If you find none of them convincing, present your best argument against one of these proofs and why it fails to accomplish its task.
    3. Complete your response by reflecting on why philosophers have sought for thousands of years to provide such proofs, and whether it is necessary to do so.

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    Solution Preview

    As I usually do, I give a bunch of ideas under each question and leave the organization up to you. Take and use what you want, leave the rest. All my answers are original unless I mention otherwise.

    Part I:

    What we're trying to do is distinguish artificial intelligence from human intelligence. More accurately, we're distinguishing the difference between a mechanical object and a free, conflicted and possibly alienated entity. Here is the key to the answer: humans have context - a childhood, mental problems, language, culture. This is what a machine would not be able to deal with.

    So, how can a question be structured?

    We might ask a question that does not demand a literal answer. Non-literal answers assume a social context. Phrases like "down in the dumps" might be programmable as idioms, but how would a machine know when to take the literal meaning and when the non-literal? Context is everything.

    Can a machine have ethical dilemmas? Can a machine be alienated? Can a machine hate?

    You can also use different idioms. Think of this exchange:

    - What are you doing?
    - I'm cheating on this test.
    - Cheating!?! That's unethical, what about ethics?? He responds, ethics, schmethics.
    What has the person done? WE know he's continuing to cheat, the computer will not be able to determine one ...

    Solution Summary

    Ethics and theory are examined. The types to reveal the computer to be a computer Is determined.