QUESTION #1: If you always act to promote your own happiness, what ethical worth is added by the utilitarian who states that you should? (I urge you to read the lecture this week before answering the question--creating the "greatest good for the greatest number of people" does not enter into the answer.)
QUESTION # 2: What ethical value system would you say that the whistleblower uses? Couch your response in deontological and teleological terms.
(The true whistleblower for our discussion purposes is one who is exposing to the public something of magnitude in his or her own company. That is one of the origins of the term, if you think about it, and what makes it such a hard choice for the whistleblower in most cases.
A referee spots a foul on the court or field and blows his whistle. Doing so causes a couple of things to happen: it stops play, and usually a penalty is awarded one of the teams. In the business setting, the whistleblower is, in effect, blowing the whistle on his or her own team. He or she is stopping play and looking for a penalty to be awarded, but the act is one of disloyalty to the company at the expense of loyalty to some other ethical principle or principles.
The point is that we aren't talking here about some disgruntled employee trying to cause trouble for management or a fellow worker. We've all seen those kinds of cases, but they are not of the nature of the true whistleblower cases. Nor are we talking about someone who follows the company management chain or reporting procedures to have the issue resolved internally.
In whistleblower cases, individuals have usually tried to resolve the issue within the company and have had their pleas fall on deaf ears. In any event, the whistleblowers for the purposes of this discussion go public with their charges.)
I have made assumptions for the purpose of writing this solution - by 'redo' the question did you mean re-evaluate and rewrite your answers and provision of a quick summary of the attached 'lecture notes' on teleological utilitarianism is also needed, right? Having reviewed your answers I would argue that if I was your professor I'd find them reasonable enough because utilitarianism is always subject to debate. If this is your opinion, stick to it and argue it out as long as you have logic to support you. Debate is always encouraged in philosophy. Remember, there is no one singular truth, just a myriad of 'paradigms'. Good Luck with your studies.
OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
Part 1: Narrative Summary
The narrative is in the form of an essay-advice whereby the lecturer describes the teleological theory of utilitarianism in depth from an academic viewpoint. The varied elements and principles of the theory is given real-life application as it relates to the experience and observations of the lecturer, situations and events that his students, to whom this essay is addressed to, can easily relate. The essay acknowledges that from a general ethical viewpoint, utilitarianism is about 'maximizing good results over bad'. The dimension from a teleological viewpoint that he emphasizes on however is the manner by which utilitarianists manifest this theory in their daily lives - utilitarianism as a social philosophy when applied to society and utilitarianism utilised for self-interest are two very different things. Society as a singular entity looks to utilitarianism for the 'greater good' whereas utilitarianism as an individual philosophy acts only for the good of the 'individual entity' - the self. The essay discusses the varied debates as to how the same principles manifest what seems to be two very different agendas 'for the good of all' and 'for the good of one'. The work and opinions of the likes of Hobbes, Kant and the opinions of the Greek philosophers are discussed for the purpose of justifying that in both cases, the utilitarianist philosophy applied is one and the same.
Part 2: Questions & Answers
QUESTION #1: If you ...
The solution is a review of student viewpoints and opinions regarding work-related events and characters in relation to ethical theories (of both teleological and deontological nature). Reviews include ethical management attitudes towards whistleblowers and personal happiness vis-a-vis workplace duties, demands and responsibilities. This solution is 1236 words and has a Word version attached for easy printing.