Ethical theories can be divided into the following two groups: teleological (consequential) and deontological (non-consequential). First, discuss what teleological ethical theories and deontological theories of ethics are, comparing the two. Next, give examples of how ethical conduct would be analyzed according to each of these two types of theories. Which of these two types of theories do you find more valid for analyzing ethical conduct? Explain.
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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
There are, according to Philosopher Gordon Graham (2004), 8 theories of ethics (that branch of philosophy that addresses morality via critical inquiry): religious ethics, consequentialism, hedonism, Kantianism, naturalism, utilitarianism, egoism, existentialism & contractualism. These 8 theories fall under the 3 major normative ethical systems that helps people answering questions like ,"What makes an act right or wrong?" and several particular viewpoints that are based upon them. Mostly, they fall into the two major groups, teleological and deontological ethics. However some argue that the third group - virtue ethics is also as important as deontology and teleology in that they are concerned with a different genre of normative ethics but for the purpose of this solution, we will only explore teleology and deontology and their sample theories although we shall define virtue ethics too, as additional information for you just in case.
Deontology, Teleology & Virtue Ethics
Both Deontology & Teleology are normative systems that take into account the consequences of the action & the moral judgement is based upon it. Deontology though focuses on the validity of the action ascertaining whether the action itself is right or wrong with that focus weighing more than the resulting consequences (with the purpose of the action ...
The solution provides a comprehensive description and explanation of ethical theories defining, comparing and contrasting the 2 main divisions- teleological and deontological theories. Samples of each are provided as well as an explanation of said ethical theories and the positions,views and utilisation/application (i.e. Kantianism, contractualism, utilitarianism,etc.). Above that, a third division - virtue ethics is also discussed. With their application and positions analysed, their applicability & adaptability to certain ethical situations are made clear to answer original post (see problem). The solution is written in APA-format, references are provided.