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Ethical Relativism and Ethical Egoism

Compare and contrast the two moral philosophies, Ethical Relativism and Ethical Egoism. Include the bases each philosophy type uses to evaluate the morality of a particular activity.

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1. Relativism.

In ethics, there are two main type of relativism. Descriptive ethical relativism simply claims as a matter of fact that different people have different moral beliefs, but it takes no stand on whether those beliefs are valid or not. Normative ethical relativism claims that each culture's (or group's) beliefs are right within that culture, and that it is impossible to validly judge another culture's values from the outside. (1)

Relativism is more this-worldly approach to the metaphysical status of morality follows in the skeptical philosophical tradition, such as that articulated by Greek philosopher Sextus Empiricus, and denies the objective status of moral values. Technically skeptics did not reject moral values themselves, but only denied that values exist as spirit-like objects, or as divine commands in the mind of God. Moral values, they argued, are strictly human inventions, a position that has since been called moral relativism.
There are two distinct forms of moral relativism. The first is ...

Solution Summary

This solution compares and contrasts two moral philosophies e.g., Ethical Relativism and Ethical Egoism, including the basis each philosophy uses to evaluate the morality of a particular activity. Supplemented with an article that discusses these two theories in detail, as well as the other major ethical theories.