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History of Islamic Religious Orders-Piety-Minded

Please explain the term "the piety-minded" as it relates to Islamic history.

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During the reign of Othman (644-656) the Islamic believers gradually split into two parties, the loyalists and the "piety-minded" who questioned the religious authority of the caliphs. A signal problem was that the Arabs had no tradition of monarchical rule, much less of empire. The Caliphs thus had no alternative, ...