NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was founded in 1949. Which countries were originally involved in NATO? What was the purpose of NATO? What obligations did the member nations have to each other? Did NATO succeed in attaining its purpose? Explain your responses thoroughly.
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1. NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was founded in 1949. Which countries were originally involved in NATO?
On 4 April 1949 NATO was formed. Twelve states from Europe and North America signed the North Atlantic Treaty in Washington, DC. The countries originally signing of the North Atlantic Treaty were: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States. Article 10 of the treaty provides basis NATO's "open door policy".(www.nato.int )
Leading up to NATO was the intense rivalry between communist and non-communist countries after World War II that ended in 1945. The Communist countries were led by the Soviet Union, whereas the non-Communist nations were led by the United States. This rivalry was named the Cold War. The Warsar pact of 1955 lead by the Soviet Union was in reaction to and to oppose NATO, ...
The solution provides insight and advice in tackling the set of questions (see above) in relation to NATO, its membership, purpose, obligations & that of member nations and an assessment of its effectiveness/success. Some resources are listed in the reply.