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2-front War, Europe & the Pacific, WW2

The US fought a "two-front" war in WWII, in Europe and in the Pacific. How did these two theaters of war differ? How and why did America's goals and strategy differ for each front?

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2-front War of WW2

The European and Pacific theaters were vastly different, and required entirely different methods of fighting. The European theater was fought over a large landmass, while the Pacific theater was fought on small islands, and over a broad ocean. In fact, the Pacific theater was as much a naval war as it was a land war.

There was naval war in the European theater, but this consisted exclusively of countering the threat of German submarines. Germany's surface fleet was too small to be anything more than a nuisance, but Japan boasted one of the mightiest fleets in the world, with an impressive array of aircraft carriers. In fighting their way towards Japan, the United States was forced to fight many air/naval battles. No island could be captured unless one side had both control of the air, and control of the waters around a particular island. Ground campaigns, though extremely brutal, were brief, because they were fought on small islands. The duty of capturing these islands fell mainly to the Marines. The Marine Corps was used exclusively in the Pacific theater, ...

Solution Summary

The solution explains the 2-front war that the US fought in World War two - in Europe and the Pacific, their similarities and differences, their goals, strategies for resolution and the varied reasons why it was necessary to create a 2-front plan in these very different war theaters.