How successful was the U.S. in implementing aviation as a weapon of war in its military arsenal during the period 1919 to 1940?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 5:17 am ad1c9bdddf
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US Military Aviation (1919-1940)
How successful was the US in using aviation as a military arsenal post WW1 through the height of WW2 (1919-1940)? The answer is very much so. Prior to 1919, WW1 proved that aviation is the next stage of military contest. Just as the Cold War was the 'race for Space', this period of military history was a 'race for the Skies'. It was proved, after the dogfights of wood and canvas biplanes from 1914-1918 (Fokker, Sopwith Camel, Bristol Fighter, Moraine-Saulnier, etc.) that can go 100mph where pilots had no safety equipment (i.e. parachutes) at all but allowed room for spying from the skies and moving into enemy territory whereas it was difficult to move armies on land, the notion of the Air Force as a permanent component to a nation's military was born. But the aerial machines of WW1 were only short-range and had a host of issues for the pilots and in relation to their strategic use in the battlefield. In the UK for example in 1918, the Royal Air Force, a world's first, was established. In the US, as early as 1907, the antecedent of what would become the US Air-force was already in place known as the Aeronautical Division of the Signals Corps from 1907-1914 becoming the Aviation Corps from 1914-1918, the Air Service under the US Army from 1918-1926 and the US Army Air Corps from 1926 to 1941becoming a combat arm under the the army, still as USAF or US Army Air Forces from 1941 until 1947 when, under the National Security Act of 1947 ...
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