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Events, Pacts and conferences connected with World War II

Coming of World War II
Main consequence of the "Five Power Treaty" 1921-22
The Five Power Treaty was otherwise known as the Washington Naval Conference of 1922. The treaty resulted in the reduction of the tonnage of each nation's warships and agreed to keep a balance with the signatories. The powers agreed to stop construction of the naval ships for a period of ten years and not to increase their fortifications in the pacific, but an exception was given to Japan due to its reluctance.
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Kellong Briand Pact was an international agreement initiated by France and United States in 1928. The signatories of the treaty were US secretary of State Frank B. Kellong and French foreign minister Aristide Briand. The two nations agreed jointly to denounce war as a matter of national policy, but defensive war not prohibited. The treaty had no expiration date and there were no provisions for amending the agreement. Inspite of its weaknesses, more than 60 nations signed the agreement with an aim to renounce the war. Later international developments in 1930s revealed that such an ideal agreement was not enough to contain the aggressor nations. United States had also found it as an excuse to act late in the face of aggression fearing that the agreement of the treaty would be dishonored.
Reasons for the economic decline in Europe prior to World War II:
The main culprit for the economic decline during the interwar period was the First World War itself. The World War I led to innumerable suffering and material destruction. Living conditions in Europe dipped considerably due to the sufferings of the war. The Allies in Europe became debtor nations while the United States became a creditor nation. The economic conditions of these nations were so deplorable that they found it extremely difficult to pay back the money inspite of the reparations from the Central powers. France was most affected nation in Europe, while Germany suffered from inflation.
The last cause for European economic stagnation was the Great Depression of 1929. The depression hit hard the United States and Germany. Soon depression began to spread all over Europe during the early 1930's until the break up of the World War II.
Conditions imposed by the Neutrality Acts of 1935-37
The Neutrality of 1935 was enacted in the wake of the Italian invasion of Ethiopia in May 1935. The Neutrality Act of 1935 prohibited the sale of arms and ammunition to the warring countries and banned Americans from traveling in the ships of the warring countries. They had to travel in those ships at their own risk.
The Neutrality Act of 1936 extended those bans and added another clause to ban extending loans or credit to the nations at war. In the background of the Spanish Civil War, the congress reacted by expanding the neutrality laws to civil conflicts. Soon the legislation was passed prohibiting the Americans from traveling in the ships of the warring countries and empowered the President to identity the goods that could be sold to the warring countries on cash and carry basis. It is true that Americans expressed their isolation through neutrality, but some believed that collective security was the best way to punish the aggressor nations.
Munich Conference(1938):
Munich Conference was held at Munich in Germany in 1938 when Austria was annexed by Adolf Hitler. The main countries who attended the conference were Germany, Britain, France and Italy. At the Munich conference in 1938, Britain and France followed a policy of appeasement and agreed to give Hitler, Sudetenland, the German speaking part of Czechoslovakia in return for peace. The Prime Minister of Britain at that time was Neville Chamberlain. On October 1, 1938 Hitler marched to annex the Sudetenland.
Important event occurred on September 1, 1939:
The major event which occurred on September 1, 1939 was invasion of Poland by Germany. Polish army was defeated within the weeks of invasion. The invasion led to the declaration of war by Britain and break up of World War II
Blitzkrieg:
Blitzkrieg was the kind of military tactic adopted by Germany during the World War II with great success. Its literal meaning is lightening war or surprise attack. The invasion would be conducted by the tanks supported by the planes and the infantry with great speed and surprise.
The principal countries of the "Axis powers:
The principal countries of the Axis powers were Germany, Italy and Japan
The areas of the Asian mainland was invaded by Japanese forces in 1931:
In 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria and installed a puppet government over a newly declared independent state called Manchukuo. Soon Japan bombed the parts of Shanghai in China to protect the Japanese interests.
60- What was the name of the program proposed by FDR to provide assistance to countries fighting aggressor nations?
During the turbulent years of World War II, America followed a policy of isolation, but Roosevelt was eager to help the Allies. He allowed the allies (France and Britain) to carry arms on "cash and carry" basis. The policy of neutrality and isolation came to an end with the Lend Lease Act of 1941. The Act allowed the US to lend allies the war materials on the assurance of payment after the war. Even before the enactment of the act, Roosevelt began to transship materials to Great Britain.
"America First" Committee recommendations as a check on President:
The American First Committee sharply criticized the American involvement in the World War II. They argued that lend and lease legislation would put America in danger by putting away its arms and ammunitions to Great Britain. The committee said that act gave the chief executive dictatorial powers that would allow American president to send merchant ships to danger. The committee called on the pubic to stop the congress from passing the bill. Inspite of the protests from the American First Committee, the bill was passed and Lend Lease Act was signed by President Roosevelt on March 11, 1941.
62-Roosevelt's policy to "shoot on sight" German submarines operating on the Atlantic:
During the presidency of Franklin Roosevelt, Europe was embroiled in World War II. The president declared in 1941 that the presence of Axis powers in the waters where America considered as vital to its defense would result in violent action. He ordered to shoot on sight German submarines operating in the American waters of defense.
World War II
"Germany First" strategy during the World War II:
During the World War II, US and its allies adopted the policy of defeating Germany first. The plan was decided between Roosevelt and Churchill at the third phase of the war in 1941. The plan was aimed to help Britain in the war against Germany in Europe and the the responsibility of the United States was to confront Japan.
U.S. strategy against Japan in the Pacific:
Pacific Theater was the term used to describe the operation of the US against Japan in the Pacific Ocean.
The Major battle of the Pacific which turned the tide of the World War II:
Battle of the Midway was the decisive battle the turned the tide of the war in the Pacific theater
66- what was the largest naval battle in the war
The Battle of the Leyte Gulf was the largest naval battle in the World War II
The importance of the "Battle of the Bulge:
The Battle of the Bulge (1944-1945) was the last major battle fought by Nazi Germany against the Allies.
Operation Torch:
Operation Torch was the Allied invasion of North Africa under the command of the General Eisenhower. It was for the first time that both British and American conducted a joint invasion.
The location of the only bridge left standing over the Rhine as U.S. troops entered Germany:
Remagen was the place where the last bridge, Ludendroff was located.
Effects of World War II on civilian life in the U.S:
The World War II boosted the economy and there was no unemployment. Large number of women joined the industries where men had worked. The federal government encouraged Americans to conserve and recycle materials. The necessities of war influenced even the fashion. The government encouraged the people to cut back the use of food stuffs and consumer goods.
The government agency responsible for rationing in US during the Second World War:
US Office of the Price Administration (OPA)
The head of the US War Production Board:
Donald M. Nelson was appointed as the Chairman of the board (1942-44)
The primary concern of the government with regard to the economy during the World War II:
The inflation was the primary concern during the war.
The fastest speed allowed by law during the war:
55 MPH
"X" on a car's window sticker:
X stickers were given to the members of the congress and other very important people.
State received the most migrants during the war:
California
The "Double V" campaign:
Double V campaign was aimed to gain victory against Axis powers and racial prejudices in United Stat
Two objects did the reporter Ernie Pyle say were most commonly found on the
79-beaches of Normandy stormed by U.S. troops in June 1944:
Cigarettes and writing paper
According to the reporter Ernie Pyle, what were some of the things used by the Germans to fortify the beaches of Normandy stormed by U.S. troops in June 1944 (RTAP)
concrete bunkers

Age of Affluence:
Characteristics of America's post-World War II "boom" on the economy and family life:
The World War II resulted in the economic boom. Industries like automobiles, and electronics grew to a great extent as a result of the baby boom. The growth could be seen the income of the common man. More and more people joined the middle class. There was a high demand for single family homes and use of cars increased.
The name of the first major planned, prefabricated suburb build after World War II
Sunbelt
Some of the positive features of the "New Suburbia (RTAP)
The new suburbs are filled with economic activity and at the same time is filled with greenery

Solution Preview

Main consequence of the "Five Power Treaty" 1921-22
The Five Power Treaty was otherwise known as the Washington Naval Conference of 1922. The treaty resulted in the reduction of the tonnage of each nation's warships and agreed to keep a balance with the signatories. The powers agreed to stop construction of the naval ships for a period of ten years and not to increase their fortifications in the pacific, but an exception was given to Japan due to its reluctance.
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Kellong Briand Pact was an international agreement initiated by France and United States in 1928. The signatories of the treaty were US secretary of State Frank B. Kellong and French foreign minister Aristide Briand. The two nations agreed jointly to denounce war as a matter of national policy, but defensive war not prohibited. The treaty had no expiration date and there were no provisions for amending the agreement. Inspite of its weaknesses, more than 60 nations signed the agreement with an aim to renounce the war. Later international developments in 1930s revealed that such an ideal agreement was not enough to contain the aggressor nations. United States had also found it as an excuse to act late in the face of aggression fearing that the agreement of the treaty would be dishonored.
Reasons for the economic decline in Europe prior to World War II:
The main culprit for the economic decline during the interwar period was the First World War itself. The World War I led to innumerable suffering and material destruction. Living conditions in Europe dipped considerably due to the sufferings of the war. The Allies in Europe became debtor nations while the United States became a creditor nation. The economic conditions of these nations were so deplorable that they found it extremely difficult to pay back the money inspite of the reparations from the Central powers. France was most affected nation in Europe, while Germany suffered from inflation.
The last cause for European economic stagnation was the Great Depression of 1929. The depression hit hard the United States and Germany. Soon depression began to spread all over Europe during the early 1930's until the break up of the World War II.
Conditions imposed by the Neutrality Acts of 1935-37
The Neutrality of 1935 was enacted in the wake of the Italian invasion of Ethiopia in May 1935. The Neutrality Act of 1935 prohibited the sale of arms and ammunition to the warring countries and banned Americans from traveling in the ...

Solution Summary

This solution describes about the pacts, conferences and events which was connected with the World War II and age of affluence

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