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Athenian Democracy and the Roman Republic: Failure of the Systems

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Athens and Rome experimented with democracy and republic forms of government respectively. Why did both of these city-states fail to maintain these systems? What was gained and lost in the process of these experiments?

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Solution Summary

This solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above), on the topic of the failure of or fall of Athenian democracy and the Roman republic. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.

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Dear Student,
Hi and thank you for your patience. In this particular task, you are asking for help in discussing the failure of the systems of government in Athens and Rome. I am supposing that what you need is a straightforward reply as the question asks for a discussion on the failure of the systems of government. I suggest using this simple outline:

1. Overview - 100 words
2. Athens - 150 words
3. Rome - 150 words
4. Lessons - 100 words

This outline should yield 500 words which should cover what you need. Just let me know via the feedback if you need further clarification. You can use the listed resources to further explore the topic. All the best with your studies.

Sincerely,
AE 105878/Xenia Jones

Fall of Athens & Rome: Government

One of the remarkable achievements that the Athenians and the Romans innovated in their civilizations in the Classical Ages was their forms of government - democracy and republic. Athenian democracy developed from 500 BC and declined around 338 BC during the Macedonian annexation of the Greek States as part of the establishment of the Greek Empire by Alexander the Great. The Roman Republic meanwhile began in 509 BC after the fall of the ancient Roman Kingdom under Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the last Roman King. The decline of the Republic is marked to be 27 BC which marked the years of the civil war and the fall of the triumvirate of Consuls towards the establishment of a Roman Empire under one powerful dictatorial ruler - the Emperor or Caesars.

Athenian Democracy

Athenian democracy (Blackwell, 2003), "rested on three main institutions, and a few others of lesser importance. The three pillars of democracy were: the Assembly of the Demos, the Council of 500, and the People's Court. These were supplemented by the Council of the Areopagus, the Archons, and the Generals. Actual legislation involved both the Assembly and the Council, and ad hoc boards of 'Lawmakers'." The Assembly is known as the Ekklesia are the male citizens of Athens. Women also had ...

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