Explore BrainMass

Rome: From Republic to Empire

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

The Roman Republic lasted over 400 years. What is the difference between the Republican and Empire's government? What was the advantage of the idea of separation of powers? Was the change from republic to empire positive? Why?

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 3:25 am ad1c9bdddf

Solution Preview

The essential idea of the Republic was very complex but semi-democratic. In 507 BC, the Romans overthrew the Etruscan King (Rex) vowing never again to have a monarch. Even during the Empire, no Roman leader ever took the title of King.

Initially, the Republic was split into two levels of society: Patricians (upper class) and Plebeians (lower class). The original Republic offered democracy for only the Patricians. A series of bloody struggles over the centuries resulted in the Plebeians gaining more power and representation: No more enslavement for excessive debt, right to join the military, right to marry whom they chose, right to have a voice in government, and the right to own land.

As far as the government, the Roman Senate was composed of 300 wealthy land-owning Patricians. This body made the laws, especially taxation. The Senate chose judges (praetors ), treasury officials/census counters (Quaestors), and lesser magistrates (Aediles). Many lessor officials began to climb the political ladder as Aediles. The citizens of Rome chose members to the Assemblies (Assembly of Centuries and Assemblies of Tribes). These assemblies in turn chose the Senate from within.

The Senators also chose two Consuls who ruled the Republic for one ...

Solution Summary

The solution discusses the Roman Republic and it's difference with the government of the Roman Empire. The notion of separation of powers is also discussed including a discussion on whether the change was positive or negative.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

How Rome Became a Great Empire

I have a project on how Rome became a great empire. I would like to get started and would like a quick overview of the Roman empire and I have 5 questions that I would like to get answered in detail to get me started in my project. If any outside sources are used please provide citation. I have attached a source.

How did the ancient Romans describe their origins?
How did the Roman Republic function ?
What were the priorities of the Roman Republic?
How does the Roman Republic compare to the American Republic?

View Full Posting Details