What conditions or attitudes explain the fact that women had no political role in Athens and, in fact, had few opportunities to act in any public or independent way?
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With the notable exception of Plato, Athenian philosophers believed that women had strong emotions and weak minds. For this reason they had to be protected from themselves and they had to be prevented from doing damage to others. Guardianship was the system developed to deal with this perceived quality in women. Every woman in Athens had a kyrios (guardian) who was either her closest male birth-relative or her husband. ...
Discusses political role of women in Athens.