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Greek Influence on Modern Socio-Political Institutions

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How important of influence was the Greek social and Political institutions?

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Greek Influence on Modern Socio-Political Institutions

Historians, scholars, scientists and philosophers debate and differ opinions and perspectives on a multitude of topics. Generally however, they agree on this claim - that Modern Civilization as we know it 'began' with the Greeks, that period of Antiquity that gave birth to Philosophy, Democratic Governance as well as varied academic disciplines and social traditions. This archaic period lasted from the 8 BC to the Roman Conquest of Greece after the Battle of Corinth (the Romans adopted and adapted Greek thought and social structures, enabling the establishments of Roman institutions like libraries, governmental structures, academic and philosophical organizations as well as Roman homes; i.e. Julius Caesar's Greek Slave-Scholar was by his side at all times for the purpose of 'weighing thought'). Classical Greek thought was also preserved and spread via conquest and trade to the Middle East and the thoughts of Aristotle, Socrates and Plato as well as the Medical practice of Hippocrates, the Historical accounts of Thucydides and Herodotus as well as the mathematical explorations of Pythagoras became the basis of the explorations of scholars in Syria and Babylon influencing architectural and philosophical thought of the preceding Persian Empire. We reckon back to the time of the Greeks because history teaches that the idea of modernity, free will and the foundations of scientific thought surfaced at this time. With the political & social upheaval of the Persian & Peloponnesian Wars, Athenians came to realize that human destiny is not dictated by the Divine, "the actions of men and women determine their own destiny, and not 'Moira' (Kreis, Steven, 2000).'Academies' - paradigms of thought in a teacher-students setting surfaced where groups of men came together to debate, to discuss and to share ideas and thought exploring varied areas from Math (Pythagoras, Euclid, Archimedes), Medicine (Hippocrates), History (Thucydides), philosophy & political thought (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Xenophon) and theatre (Euripides, Sophocles).

Just how influential is Greek thought? Greco-Latin words are the source of many an important word in modern language having carried ...

Solution Summary

The solution is an APA-format essay discussing the importance of the Greek Civilization's achievements in philosophy, social and political thought/order as well as in scientific thought and how it has come to influence modern socio-political institutions. References are provided (web and print). A word-version of the essay-solution is attached for easy printing.