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Carbohydrates

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Please help me with the following:

o What carbohydrates are
o The difference between simple and complex carbohydrates
o How sugars are broken down and used in the body
o The benefits that carbohydrates provide to the body
· Give examples of foods that are considered healthy sources of carbohydrates.
· Include information on one of the following disorders related to carbohydrates: lactose
intolerance, diabetes, or hypoglycemia. Be sure to include a definition, how it affects the
body, and some of the courses of action used to treat and manage the disorder.

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https://brainmass.com/health-sciences/nutrition-science/carbohydrates-179122

Solution Preview

-What are carbohydrate?
Carbohydrates are organic compounds composed of a carbon ring with aldol and ketone attachments. For images see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrate

-The difference between somple and complex carbohydrates?
Simple carbohydrates include monosaccharides (glucose or dextrose, fructose, galactose, xylose and ribose) and disaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose, trehalose and cellobiose). Monosaccharides have one carbon ring while disaccharides have two carbon rings. Complex carbohydrates contain longer strings of carbon rings including oligosaccharides and polysaccharides (starch and cellulose).

-Carbohydrate digestion
Salivary amylase digests the starches amylose and amylopectin
Pancreatic amylase digests starches into maltose and isomaltose
Maltase digests maltose and isomaltose into glucose which is absorbed
Lactase digests lactose into glucose and galactose

Once carbohydrates are broken down into glucose which is then absorbed through the intestine into the blood and consequently individual cells. Once inside a cell glucose is metabolized by glycolysis ...

Solution Summary

Examination of carbohydrate metabolism with web references.

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