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Nursing Theory: Tenets of the Metaparadigm

This solution is for a graduate nursing course about nursing theory. I need help discussing the tenets of the metaparadigm as defined by Nightingale, Johnson, Orem, Roy, Leininger, Neuman, Rogers, & Watson. (Please explain).

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Please see response attached for better formatting (which is also presented below). I hope this helps and take care.

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1. This solution is for a graduate nursing course about nursing theory. I need help discussing the tenets of the metaparadigm as defined by Nightingale, Johnson, Orem, Roy, Leininger, Neuman, Rogers, & Watson. (Please explain).

Foundation of any profession is the development of a specialized body of knowledge. Theories should be developed in nursing, not borrow theories form other disciplines. According to Hagopian (n.d), the four concepts in the nursing metaparadigm are:

Person
· Recipient of care, including physical, spiritual, psychological, and socio-cultural components
· Individual, family, or community

Environment
· All internal and external conditions, circumstances, and influences affecting the person

Health
· Degree of wellness or illness experienced by the person

Nursing

· Actions, characteristics and attributes of person giving care http://www.nipissingu.ca/faculty/arohap/aphome/NURS3006/Resources/theorists.ppt.

Each nursing theory attempts to address each of these tenets as it relates to their unique nursing theory. In other words, the nursing metaparadigm is holistic in that it conceptualizes nursing by including the four concepts of the person, environment, health and the nurse who is giving the care. Each tenet needs to be paid attention to and they interact as a whole. The following nursing theorists, as summarized by Gloria A. Hagopian, RN, EdD (n.d), conceptualize these four tenets of the nursing paradigms in different way., but as you will see each theorist includes the four tenets.

1. Florence Nightingale: Environmental Theory

First nursing theorist
· Unsanitary conditions posed health hazard (Notes on Nursing, 1859)
· 5 components of environment
· ventilation, light, warmth, effluvia, noise
· External influences can prevent, suppress or contribute to disease or death

Nightingale's Concepts

Person
· Patient who is acted on by nurse
· Affected by environment
· Has reparative powers
Environment ...

Solution Summary

Referring to nursing theories, this solution discusses in detail the tenets of the metaparadigm as defined by Nightingale, Johnson, Orem, Roy, Leininger, Neuman, Rogers and Watson.

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