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The Evolution of the US Healthcare System

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Develop a brochure:

I work for the Dept of Labor in Washington, DC in the Health Care industry division. I have been given the task of designing an informational brochure or fact sheet which will provide high school students with a broad, general knowledge base about the US Health Care system. It will become part of a series of brochures entitled "Introduction to US Industry". Each brochure in the series will touch on a different major US industry and will be used as a supplementary instruction tool for General Business classes in high schools across the country.

The brochure must fill both sides of a standard 8" x 11" sheet of paper. I can either set up the printing: (1. portrait style so that the finished product is in "fact sheet" format, or (2. landscape style so that it can be folded into a 3-panel brochure. I have to give the fact sheet or brochure the title, "Introduction to the US Health Care Industry".

I must cover the following components in my brochure, keeping in mind that the target audience (high school students) may know nothing concerning the subject I am writing about:

1.) A summary of the evolution of the US health care system from its roots until today.
2.) A description of major characteristics of the US health care system as a whole, also making note of its four subsystems.
3.) A listing and brief explanation of major types of health care professionals.
4.) A listing and brief explanation of these major types of health care settings or structures: (a. outpatient care, (b. hospitals, (c. managed care, and (d. long term care.
5.) An explanation of 2-3 challenges and/or opportunities the health care industry is facing in its environment today. You may wish to select from: conflicting self-interests of multiple players, imperfect market conditions, maintaining the public trust, changes in Medicare reimbursement, emerging medical technology, dealing with regulations and / or accreditation, or other topics from our learning in this course that you believe are crucial.
6.) A generalization of the impact of government legislation or health policy on the health care system.

This is a no-nonsense government style publication, so only the facts are needed. The brochure should be neat and well organized, but artwork and graphics will not be considered in the grading. You may, however, feel free to use various fonts and print sizes / styles, bullets, etc., to add emphasis, clarity, or variety to the appearance of your brochure.

Below is a sample outline that can be used to begin constructing this project and setting up the subheadings for the required six components of the fact sheet or brochure:

The US Health Care System
1.) History
2.) Characteristics
3.) Professionals
4.) Settings
5.) Opportunities / Challenges
6.) Health Policy

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Solution Preview

History: In America's early history, the first system of healthcare was actually home remedies that were learned from the American Indians in most cases, these home remedies included the use of herbs, minerals, and animal parts, in order to concoct medications for the treatment of a variety of ailments, and surprisingly, due to the vitamin and mineral content of many of these herbal remedies, they had at least a moderate success rate in helping to treat a great deal of ailments, ranging from fatigue, to the all manner of infections. In addition to the use of the traditional medicines of the American Indians, many Americans also used alcohol as a form of disinfectant for wounds, and the treatment of some internal maladies. As more and more doctors became available for use by early pioneers, as well as in small pioneer towns, the doctors began to travel from house to house in order to treat patients in a moral, modern, and medically established fashion. Many of these doctors had not necessarily gone to medical schools, but had studied under the tutelage of other doctors, although many of these doctors had attended medical schools in Europe, as well as those that had been established in the larger Northeastern colleges and universities within the United States. The family Dr. was the mainstay of the early American health system until the 1920s, when individuals were starting to get the treatment that they needed within hospitals that were springing up around the country. Even though there were more hospitals springing up across the country, at this time most patients were still forced to pay out-of-pocket for the treatment that they needed, and those individuals that could not afford to pay out of pocket, were forced to rely on home remedies and local individuals who had some knowledge of medical treatment procedures and techniques. Starting after the Great Depression, during the 1930s, health insurance became more and more common due to the ...