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    Economic development parameters between the USA and Canada

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    Using the South University online library, the Internet, and the data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), research comparative international work and compare the United States and Canada with respect to which country is more effective in the areas of (1) economic growth; (2) expenditure (public and private expenditure on health); (3) information and communications technology; and (4) health.

    Click here to access data from the OECD.

    On the basis of your observations, create a 1- to 2-page report.

    Your report should address the following questions:

    After going through the statistics:
    What information or statistic you find either surprising or reasonable?
    Do you anticipate the statistics will be similar in ten years? Why or why not?
    The current structure of healthcare coverage in the United States has a combination of employer-based coverage and public program (e.g., Medicare, Medicaid) coverage, with a large uninsured population. If a single-payer system is implemented where Medicare is expanded to cover all citizens for those who prefer private insurance, there will be comparable coverage under the same range of private insurance plans already available. Keeping in mind these considerations, answer the following questions:
    What do you think about allowing some people to purchase additional insurance, thereby creating a two-tier health system based on affordability?
    What are the advantages and disadvantages of this initiative?
    Considering the fact that healthcare is not a guaranteed right for everyone in the United States, there are different kinds of barriers and obstacles in obtaining healthcare. In contrast to this fact, the notions of equity and fairness are considered very important. You will notice that these notions aren't considered when we discuss people's access to other goods, such as cars and computers.
    What are these barriers? Give examples of the different barriers to health care under the following headings:
    Financial barriers
    Scarcity of healthcare providers
    Barriers to access healthcare
    Cultural barriers
    Barriers of healthcare resources
    How would you define the term, "equity and fairness", in the context of the healthcare situations prevailing in the United States and Canada?
    Why are they considered important when discussing people's access to care?
    It is believed that government funded healthcare for all citizens is consistent with a capitalist economy and the cultural values of self-determination and free enterprise.
    Do you agree with this statement? If not, what other approaches do you think will resolve the current inequities in the system?

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    Solution Preview

    Comparison of Economic and development parameters between the USA and Canada
    Areas of comparison:
    • Economic Growth
    • Expenditure (public and private expenditure on health
    • Information and Communication Technology
    • Health

    1. Reasonable or surprising statistics?

    1.1. The following summarizes Surprising statistics
    1.1.1. -Health indicators better in Canada than USA over the years 2007 to 2014 Life expectancy at birth higher in Canada than the USA Life expectancy for males higher in Canada than the USA Life expectancy for females higher in Canada than the USA Infant mortality rates higher in the USA (an indicator of poor health status amongst children ) than in Canada
    1.1.2. USA and Canada public have similar rates for public expenditure on health although the USA operates on two tier health system comprising public and private health insurance systems.
    1.1.3. Despite USA having a higher GDP per capita income (income per person) than in Canada, the household incomes levels in Canada are almost double those in the USA
    1.1.4. Despite USA having lower real GDP (an indicator of the value of economic growth), its household savings are higher than those seen for Canada.
    1.1.5. There are more households with access to ICT in Canada than in the USA
    1.2. Reasonable statistics?
    1.2.1. The USA has a higher social expenditure (comprising public and private) than Canada which only has public social expenditure.

    2. Do you anticipate the statistics will be similar in ten years?

    2.1. Looking at the objective of the Patient Protection and Access to Care Act (PPACA) (i.e. to reduce costs, improve efficiency and cover every American even the uninsured) , the likely outcomes are:
    2.1.1. A change for the better in the USA health indicators
    2.1.2. For Canada the health indicators getting better by the year
    2.1.3. The PPACA has the potential to increase the public expenditure on health in the USA while the private expenditure may drop because more people are likely to be covered by the public system. In Canada this statistic is likely not ...

    Solution Summary

    Canada and the USA are two economies which use two different syetms to deliver healthcare.
    An analysis of their respective healthcare outcomes show a very interesting picture which can givve an insight into what can be expected from the implementation of the Patient Protection and affordable Care Act of 2010 in the USA.
    These notes serve as a guide in addressing the questions required to prepare a 2 page write up on the comparision between the two systems