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First Aid: CPR & Choking

A. What are the steps to conducting adult, child and infant CPR?
B. What are the differences in each type of CPR?
C. What are the correct steps to helping a choking victim?

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A. What are the steps to conducting adult, child and infant CPR?

Adult CPR:
Most importantly, remember 'Check-Call-Care'.
1. Check the scene and the victim- you want to make sure the scene is safe and you are able to approach the victim safely (considering perhaps down electrical lines or other dangers)
2. If the victim is unconscious call 9-1-1 or identify someone else to do so
3. Check for signs of life for no more than 10 seconds- first opening airway (tilt head and lift chin). If the person is not breathing, give two rescue breaths.

If there is not movement or breathing provide care by giving CPR at a rate of 100 compressions per minute, placing heel of one hand on the victim's sternum with the other hand directly on top of bottom hand. Use the heel of the hand to apply pressure. Your arms should be straight, with elbows locked as you kneel to the side of the victim, pressing the sternum down 1 ½ to 2 inches. Push straight down. Think of the song 'Staying Alive' to get the right rhythm. Give 2 breaths every 30 compressions, then open the airway with the head tilt, chin lift technique and give 2 rescue breaths. Continue

Only stop CPR if the scene ...

Solution Summary

This detailed solution gives steps for conducting CPR on adults, children and infants; as well as differences in each type of CPR. It also describes how to help a choking victim.