Select one disease of the respiratory or digestive system and overview it in detail. Please locate and include at least one image in your post. Pay special attention to the mechanism of disease associated with your selection and discuss that in detail as well. If the mechanisms seem controllable, what action would you recommend to a patient who is trying to prevent respiratory or digestive system diseases?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 17, 2018, 12:09 pm ad1c9bdddf
Consider Crohn's disease an example:
Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Inflammatory bowel diseases are autoimmune diseases, meaning that the body's own immune system is the cause of the disease. Crohn's disease is characterized by chronic inflammation of the bowel, most commonly the small intestine and the first part of the colon (CCFA, n.d.).
Mechanism of disease or pathophysiology:
IBD is not fully understood, but research shows that Crohn's disease and other types of IBD are likely due to hereditary factors that make a person more susceptible to developing a malfunction of the immune system. The results in the body's immune cells attacking normal GI bacteria or other elements identified as foreign in the walls of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It is hypothesized that there might be an environmental influence that triggers this process (Sartor, 2006).
The overactivity of the immune system results in chronic inflammation in the walls of the GI tract, resulting in damage to the tissues. Part of the damage is due to transient breakdown of the protective mucosal barrier than lines the inner walls of the GI tract and other problems are thought to be due to disturbances of the normal bacterial flora (Sartor, 2006).
Common symptoms of the disease include diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloody stools, ulcers, and weight loss (Mayo Clinic, 2011). These and other possible symptoms are described in ...
When giving an overview or description of a disease there are specific topics that are generally covered in the description. These include: disease definition, pathophysiology, symptoms, risk factors, complications, diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures. This article uses Crohn's disease as an example of how to to write an overview of a certain disease.
Overview of the Principles of Nutrition
Need help with writing a paper that explains these concepts and principles:
1. ID factors that influence what people eat, and learn how to evaluate nutrient adequacy of a diet
2. apply knowledge of the six classes of nutrients to daily diet, recipe modification, etc.
3. demonstrate awareness of personal, cultural, economic, and physiological factors that influence individual differences in dietary practices
4. describe the process by which scientists uncover nutrition facts
5. distinguish valid nutritional information from misinformation
6. discuss how consumers can use the ingredients list, nutrition facts panel, and healthy food choices
7. describe the various nutrition guidelines established by the US, Canada, and the WHO and compare their function to that of the DRI
8. describe the body's use of glucose to provide energy or to make glycogen and fat
9. discuss diabetes, hypoglycemia, and lactose intolerance and their relationship to carbohydrate intake
10. relate nutrition and dietary practices to selected health problems i.e. allergies, hypertension, diabetes
11. explain why manufacturers frequently hydrogenate fats and the possible health implications of consuming the trans-fatty acids formed during hydrogenation
12. explain why a diet containing fat in the right kinds and in the recommended amounts could provide optimal health and pleasure in eating
13. explain the roles of protein, the process of protein digestion, and absorption in the body
14. compare the positive health aspects of a vegetarian diet with those of a diet that includes meat and describe ways each diet can include adequate nutrients
15. describe the characteristics of fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins and explain how they differ
16. list and explain the rationale the diet modifications for specific dietary situations ie. liver/pancreatic/GI
17. discuss the evidence suggesting that antioxidant nutrients and phytochemicals protect against cancer, heart disease, and age-related blindness
18. discuss the role of minerals and water in the body and proper amounts needed
19. ID and explain the factors that affect the basal metabolic rate as well as estimating individual total energy expenditure
20. discuss eating disorders and explain the physical harm that occurs as a result of these behaviors
21. explain the physiologic changes and associated nutrient requirement changes throughout the lifespan and with a disease
22. discuss special nutritional needs of young children, adolescents, and older adults
23. explain how to safely prepare and store food
24. discuss how microbial food poisoning can be prevented and indicate which foods are particularly troublesome.