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Canada & USA Health Care Systems

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Compare and contrast the benefits and liabilities of another country's healthcare system (I picked Canada). Note the differences and similarities to the United State's approach and the strengths and weaknesses of this approach to healthcare delivery. Determine which country's approach is the most effective

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Canada and the United States of America (US) have two completely different health care systems. In the US, health care access is limited to those who carry insurance. In 2004, 58.9% had insurance through their employers, around 24% qualified for specific government health care programs (Medicare and Medicaid), 9% bought individual health insurances and a very small number pay directly for health care services (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2005). Health care in the US is not centralized, does not offered universal access, and have multiple providers and payers.

Canada has a national program for publicly funded health care insurance implemented in 1966 under The Canada Health Act (the Act) in all provinces and territories (Shi & Singh, 2001). The goal of this policy was established as "to protect, promote and restore the physical and mental well-being of residents of Canada and to facilitate reasonable access to health services without financial or other barriers" (Health Canada, 2009a, para. 2). The Act is not in itself a national health plan but rather establishes the criteria related to which insured health services and extended health care to ensure that "all eligible residents of Canada have reasonable access to insured health services on a prepaid basis, without direct charges at the point of service for such services" (Health Canada, 2009a, para. 4) and is always evolving according to the Canadian's needs. This health insurance plan is commonly referred as Medicare and covers medically necessary hospital and physician services, on a prepaid basis.

In the US, Medicare refers to a government health program offered to the people age 65 or older, people under age 65 with certain disabilities, and people of all ages with end-stage renal disease (permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a kidney transplant). This program is not totally free as premiums and co-pays may apply to the different type of ...

Solution Summary

The solution involves a discussion on the similarities and/or differences between the Unites States of America and Canada health care systems including liabilities and benefities provided to their constituents.

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Economic development parameters between the USA and Canada

Using the South University online library, the Internet, and the data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), research comparative international work and compare the United States and Canada with respect to which country is more effective in the areas of (1) economic growth; (2) expenditure (public and private expenditure on health); (3) information and communications technology; and (4) health.

Click here to access data from the OECD.

On the basis of your observations, create a 1- to 2-page report.

Your report should address the following questions:

After going through the statistics:
What information or statistic you find either surprising or reasonable?
Do you anticipate the statistics will be similar in ten years? Why or why not?
The current structure of healthcare coverage in the United States has a combination of employer-based coverage and public program (e.g., Medicare, Medicaid) coverage, with a large uninsured population. If a single-payer system is implemented where Medicare is expanded to cover all citizens for those who prefer private insurance, there will be comparable coverage under the same range of private insurance plans already available. Keeping in mind these considerations, answer the following questions:
What do you think about allowing some people to purchase additional insurance, thereby creating a two-tier health system based on affordability?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of this initiative?
Considering the fact that healthcare is not a guaranteed right for everyone in the United States, there are different kinds of barriers and obstacles in obtaining healthcare. In contrast to this fact, the notions of equity and fairness are considered very important. You will notice that these notions aren't considered when we discuss people's access to other goods, such as cars and computers.
What are these barriers? Give examples of the different barriers to health care under the following headings:
Financial barriers
Scarcity of healthcare providers
Barriers to access healthcare
Cultural barriers
Barriers of healthcare resources
How would you define the term, "equity and fairness", in the context of the healthcare situations prevailing in the United States and Canada?
Why are they considered important when discussing people's access to care?
It is believed that government funded healthcare for all citizens is consistent with a capitalist economy and the cultural values of self-determination and free enterprise.
Do you agree with this statement? If not, what other approaches do you think will resolve the current inequities in the system?

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