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Basic Service Components of a Healthcare System

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What basic service components are necessary in order for a healthcare system to be considered complete?
Why are these the necessary components?

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Solution Summary

This solution overviews the basic service components that are necessary in order for a healthcare system to be considered complete. It then explains why these components are necessary according to various health agencies and legislature. The solution is 1213 words in length and includes references.

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The word “complete’ is somewhat misleading, as healthcare systems are continually evolving to the changing conditions of the needs of the people and society. In fact, the healthcare domain is a vast and complicated field. Thus, healthcare systems and their service components must be flexible enough to meet the changing needs of their clients and societal trends. Different healthcare systems have different needs and thus, what makes one system complete may vary somewhat across healthcare type and the services that they provide.

Let’s look at some example of what health care systems advertised a being important for their organizations.

I. United States systems approach

A recently published Institute of Medicine (IOM) report described the current state of healthcare in the United States as falling woefully short in six quality attributes: safety, effectiveness, patient centeredness, timeliness, efficiency and equitability. All this leads to poor healthcare, which is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States.

Thus, ideally healthcare systems components should include the following.

1. Alignment with the IOM’s six aims of service healthcare quality.
a. Safety (for quality care)
b. Effectiveness (to meet goals and mission)
c. Patient centeredness (goal of healthcare is to meet the clients health needs)
d. Timeliness (for quality care and efficient use of time and money)
e. Efficiency and (for cost efficiency and professional trained staff efficiency for quality care to avoid malpractice suits)
f. Equitability (meet laws and acts that require equal access for all)
2. A focus on the needs of customers.
3. Meaningful collaboration with key partners (integrated care ensures quality care for clients and efficiency in job is increasingly necessary due to large aging population and shortage of nursing staff, for example http://www.asq.org/healthcare/pdf/emerging_sectors-mar2003.pdf).

II. Key Components of Canadian Health Association’s (CHA’s) Sustainability Framework

The key components of CHA's framework for a sustainable, publicly funded healthcare system
in ...

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